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Raphanus sativus L.
GARDEN RADISH
Cultivated radish

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Raphanus

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Raphanus sativus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Raphanus sativus
Raphanus sativus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Raphanus sativus

Raphanus sativus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Raphanus sativus
Raphanus sativus
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Raphanus sativus

Raphanus sativus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raphanus sativus
Raphanus sativus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raphanus sativus

Raphanus sativus, leaf and flower and fruit
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Raphanus sativus, leaf and flower and fruit
Raphanus sativus, flowers
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Raphanus sativus, flowers

Raphanus sativus, habitat
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Raphanus sativus, habitat
Raphanus sativus, leaf
© Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 · 0
Raphanus sativus, leaf

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (52); 796151A (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena oenotherae @ BBSL (1)
Apidae  Anthophora crotchii @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Anthophora curta @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Anthophora flavocincta @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Bombus californicus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Bombus melanopygus @ EMEC (1)

Bombus sitkensis @ EMEC (1)

Diadasia australis @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Chaetomiaceae  Chaetomium globosum @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium vagum @ BPI (2)

Rhizoctonia @ BPI (3)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe @ 559099A (1); 559099B (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum imitatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Leotiaceae  Leotia lubrica @ BPI (1)
Leptolegniaceae  Aphanomyces raphani @ BPI (5)
Megachilidae  Anthidium manicatum @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Osmia nemoris @ LACM_ENTB (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora atrogrisea @ BPI (6)

Cercospora cruciferarum @ BPI (3)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora brassicae @ BPI (5)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (12)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (10)

Alternaria herculea @ BPI (1)

Alternaria raphani @ BPI (1)

Alternaria tenuis @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium commune @ BPI (2)

Macrosporium fasciculatum @ BPI (2)
Pythiaceae  Pythium debaryanum @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia @ 573947A (1); BPI (3); 573947B (1)
Trichocomaceae  Paecilomyces variotii @ BPI (1)
_  Acremoniella atra @ BPI (1)

Bacterium campestre @ 796151B (1)

Hyaloperonospora parasitica @ BPI (2)

Macrophomina phaseolina @ BPI (1)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Raphanus

2. Raphanus sativus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 669. 1753.

Cultivated radish

Annuals or biennials, roots often fleshy in cultivated forms; often sparsely scabrous or hispid, sometimes glabrous. Stems often simple from base, (1-)4-13 dm. Basal leaves: petiole 1-30 cm; blade oblong, obovate, oblanceolate, or spatulate in outline, lyrate or pinnatisect, sometimes undivided, 2-60 cm × 10-200 mm, margins dentate, apex obtuse or acute; lobes 1-12 each side, oblong or ovate, to 10 cm × 50 mm. Cauline leaves (distal) subsessile; blade often undivided. Fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, 5-40 mm. Flowers: sepals 5.5-10 × 1-2 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; petals usually purple or pink, sometimes white (veins often darker), 15-25 × 3-8 mm, claw to 14 mm; filaments 5-12 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Fruits usually fusiform or lanceolate, sometimes ovoid or cylindrical; valvular segment 1-3.5 mm; terminal segment (1-)3-15(-25) cm × (5-)7-13(-15) mm, smooth or, rarely, slightly constricted between seeds, not ribbed, beak narrowly to broadly conical to linear; style 10-40 mm. Seeds globose or ovoid, 2.5-4 mm diam. 2 n = 18.

Flowering May-Jul. Roadsides, disturbed areas, waste places, cultivated fields, gardens, orchards; 0-1000 m; introduced; B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; introduced also in Mexico, Bermuda, South America, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Raphanus sativus is an important crop plant that is cultivated and/or weedy in most temperate regions worldwide. It is unknown as a wild plant, but suggested to be derived from R. raphanistrum subsp. landra , which is endemic to the Mediterranean region (L. J. Lewis-Jones et al. 1982).

Updated: 2024-06-25 18:37:24 gmt
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