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Remora osteochir (Cuvier, 1829)
MARLINSUCKER
Rhombochirus osteochir Cuvier, 1829; Echeneis osteochir Cuvier, 1829; Marlin Sucker; Marlinsucker -

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Echeneidae   Remora

Remora osteochir
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Remora osteochir

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Remora osteochir
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Remora osteochir
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Overview
Main identification features
  • head: sucker passes pectoral, 17-20 plates
  • uniform brown
Marlinsucker

Body elongate; dorsal and anal bases <2X head length; head disc long, reaches beyond pectorals, but less than 1/2 body length, 17-20 rows of plates; pectoral medium, blunt; dorsal and anal bases similar length, almost 2X head length; dorsal 21-27 rays, anal 20-26 rays; tail edge straight (forked in juvenile); pelvics pointed.

Overall brown.

Size: 40 cm.

Habitat: oceanic, hosts are billfishes.

Depth: 0-200 m?.

Circumtropical; throughout our region except for the upper Gulf of California.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 200 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; Pelagic crustacea; zooplankton; ectoparasites; pelagic fish larvae.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=42; Longitudinal range=40.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Ectoparasite cleaner; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Large fishes (billfishes, rays, sharks, etc), turtles & whales; Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 40 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Briggs, J.C., 1960., Fishes of worldwide (circumtropical) distribution., Copeia, 1960:171-180.
  • Cuvier, G., 1829., Le Rgne Animal, distribu d'aprs son organisation, pour servir de base l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction l'anatomie compare. Edition 2., Rgne Animal (ed. 2), 2:1-532.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versin 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo . Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservacin Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Barez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, Mxico., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

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Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » ECHENEIDAE (Family) » Remora Gill, 1862 (Genus) » Remora osteochir (Cuvier, 1829)

Species Remora osteochir (Cuvier, 1829)

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CAAB : 37336006 Taxon concept Remora_osteochir last modified 2012-12-05 16:13:45.011

Species Remora osteochir (Cuvier, 1829)

Marlinsucker

 

Generic Combinations

 

Distribution

States

Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

NW Australia and off Lizard Island (14º32´S) to Townsville, QLD (19º16´S); tropical, circumglobal.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Northwest Transition (3), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Marine, pelagic.

 

General References

Gray, K.N., McDowell, J.R., Collette, B.B. & Graves, J.E. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the remoras and their relatives. Bulletin of Marine Science 84 (2): 183-198 [190]

O'Toole, B. 2002. Phylogeny of the species of the superfamily Echeneoidea (Perciformes: Carangoidei: Echeneidae, Rachycentridae, and Coryphaenidae), with an interpretation of echeneid hitchhiking behaviour. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80 (4): 596-623 [616]

 

Common Name References

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Marlinsucker )

Web 2004. Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan website http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/classification/Remora.html. ( Marlinsucker )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
05-Dec-2012 05-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Wednesday, 5 December 2012 4:13:45 PM AEDT

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Echeneidae  
 Genus Remora  
  Remora osteochir    (Cuvier, 1829) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Echeneis jacobaea Echeneis megalodiscus Echeneis osteochir Echeneis osteochire Echeneis pediculus Echeneis tetrapturorum Rhombochirus osteochir   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body not elongate, its depth contained 5 to 8 times in standard length. Jaws broad, the lower projecting beyond the upper. First dorsal fin replaced by a transversal, laminated, oval cephalic disc with 15 to 19 laminae, posterior end of sucking disc behind posterior end of pectoral fin; second dorsal fin and anal fin long, lacking spines, the dorsal fin with 20 to 26 and anal fin with 20 to 25 soft rays; pectoral fins rounded; caudal fin forked in young, becoming truncatein adults. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 11 to 17. Body and fins uniformly blackish-grey. 
Habitat: Oceanic species with a strong preference for marlins and sailfish as hosts, but may occasionally cling to other large fishes. Attaches to the body or gill chamber of the host. 
Distribution: Worldwide in warm and temperate seas. It is common in waters around Taiwan.  
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381647
  
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