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Rhinochimaera africana Compagno, Stehmann &. Ebert, 1990
PADDLENOSE SPOOKFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Rhinochimaeridae   Rhinochimaera


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Rhinochimaera&speciesname=africana ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Rhinochimaera&speciesname=africana
http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Rhinochimaera&speciesname=africana ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Rhinochimaera&speciesname=africana
https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Rhinochimaera&speciesname=africana ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/Rhinochimaera-africana.html
Rhinochimaera africana, Paddlenose chimaera
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Rhinochimaera africana Compagno , Stehmann & Ebert , 1990

Paddlenose chimaera Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Rhinochimaera africana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Google image Image of Rhinochimaera africana (Paddlenose chimaera) No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Rhinochimaeridae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Rhinochimaeridae (Longnose chimaeras)
Etymology: Rhinochimaera: A chimaera with rhinos (Gr.), nose, referring to long, pointed proboscis of R. pacifica . ( See ETYFish ) ;   africana: ana- (L.), belonging to: named for both its distribution around southern Africa and for the Sea Fisheries Research Institute research vessel Africana , from which holotype was collected. ( See ETYFish ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 549 - 1450 m (Ref. 11228 ). Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: southern Africa and Mozambique Channel. Pacific Ocean: Japan (off Hokkaido and northern Honshu) to the east China Sea, including Taiwan; Costa Rica and Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 81.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97389 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: elongate body with an elongate, broad and paddle-shaped pointed snout extending anterior to head (SNL 47.7% HDL), tapering to a slender tail; the junction of supraorbital and infraorbital canals on ventral side of snout is closer to the tip of the snout than to the nasal canal; ONC/TIO is greater than 1.4 (ONC/TIO= 1.64); TIO/SWF is less than 1.5 (TIO/SWF= 1.47); TIO/LNC is less than 3.0 (TIO/LNC= 2.75); tooth-plates are nearly smooth; eyes are relatively small (EYL 6.4% BDL), distinctly behind level of mouth; the first and second dorsal fins are separated by a relatively long interdorsal space (IDS 23.6% BDL) and not connected by a web of skin; caudal-fin axis weakly raised with the fin asymmetrical, the epaxial caudal-fin lobe narrower than hypaxial lobe; dorsal caudal tubercles 25; caudal filament vestigial; coloration uniformly dark brown across entire body, except the oronasal region which is abruptly paler than the body (Ref. 97389 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Rare (Ref. 11228 ). Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C. , 1995. Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 24 February 2016

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201 ): 2.1 - 8.2, mean 5.5 °C (based on 195 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.6289   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00195 (0.00083 - 0.00458), b=3.15 (2.95 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec <100). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100).

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Updated: 2024-07-12 22:15:46 gmt
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