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Salix caprea L.
GOAT WILLOW
Pussy willow

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix

Salix caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea

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Salix caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea
Salix caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea

Salix caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea
Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea ssp caprea

Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea ssp caprea
Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix caprea ssp caprea

Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea
Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea

Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea
Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea

Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea
Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea

Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea
Salix caprea ssp caprea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 1
Salix caprea ssp caprea

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Tuberolachnus salignus @ NCSU (3)
Bertiaceae  Bertia moriformis @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (2)

Diplodia salicina @ BPI (4)
Cicadellidae  Erythroneura rosa @ III (1)

Kybos andresia @ III (2)

Kybos strigilifer @ III (4)
Corticiaceae  Corticium evolvens @ BPI (4)

Corticium laeve @ BPI (3)

Corticium portentosum @ BPI (1)

Corticium roseum @ BPI (2)

Cytidia salicina @ BPI (4)

Laeticorticium roseum @ BPI (4)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia chlorospora @ BPI (1)
Cucurbitariaceae  Cucurbitaria rubefaciens @ BPI (2)

Cucurbitaria salicina @ BPI (1)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella alboviolascens @ BPI (1)

Cyphella niveola @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium fumago @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Excipula sphaeroides @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium amentorum @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium capreae @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium deformans @ BPI (7)

Gloeosporium propinquum @ BPI (3)

Marssonina salicicola @ 404285B (1); 404284B (1); 404285A (1); 404286B (1); BPI (10); 404284A (1); 404286A (1)

Mollisia cinerea @ BPI (1)

Ocellaria ocellata @ BPI (2)

Pilidium fuliginosum @ BPI (1)

Pyrenopeziza salicis-capreae @ BPI (2)

Pyrenopeziza sphaeroides @ BPI (1)

Tapesia torulae @ BPI (1)

Trochila populorum @ BPI (3)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe forabilis @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe salicella @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe salicis @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe spina @ BPI (4)

Diaporthe tessella @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis salicina @ BPI (2)
Diatrypaceae  Anthostoma melanotes @ BPI (2)

Diatrype bullata @ BPI (25)

Diatrype crellata @ BPI (1)

Diatrype disciformis @ BPI (2)

Diatrype stigma @ BPI (2)

Eutypa moravica @ BPI (2)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Didymosphaeria brunneola @ BPI (2)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria sepincola @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe adunca @ BPI (2)

Uncinula adunca @ BPI (3)

Uncinula salicis @ BPI (29)
Exidiaceae  Exidia recisa @ BPI (9)
Fomitopsidaceae  Daedalea confragosa @ BPI (6)

Daedalea rubescens @ BPI (1)

Daedalea unicolor @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Glomerella salicis @ BPI (1)
Gnomoniaceae  Discula microsperma @ BPI (4)

Gnomonia @ BPI (1)

Laestadia salicis @ BPI (1)

Linospora capreae @ BPI (34)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia foliorum @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium collemoides @ BPI (2)

Scleroderris fuliginosa @ BPI (1)

Tympanis spermatiospora @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Unguiculella nectriiphila @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum ochraceum @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (4)

Phellinus conchatus @ BPI (1)

Phellinus ferruginosus @ BPI (2)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea gelatinosa @ BPI (1)

Hypocreopsis riccioidea @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Discosphaerina niesslii @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Scytinostroma hemidichophyticum @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (5)

Melampsora capraearum @ BPI (10)

Melampsora caprearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (7)

Melampsora euonymi-capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (58)

Melampsora laricis-capraearum @ BPI (39)

Melampsora laricis-epitea @ BPI (1)

Melampsora paradoxa @ BPI (1)

Melampsora ribesii-purpureae @ BPI (2)

Melampsora salicina @ BPI (4)

Melampsora salicis-capreae @ BPI (10)

Melampsora @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconium salicinum @ BPI (1)

Melanconium salicis @ BPI (1)

Melogramma rubricosum @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius crispatus @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Discella carbonacea @ BPI (10)

Ramularia rosea @ BPI (1)

Septoria capreae @ BPI (2)

Septoria salicicola @ BPI (12)

Septoria salicis @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium salicicola @ BPI (2)

Fusarium salicis @ BPI (1)

Gibberella acervalis @ BPI (1)

Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (1)

Nectria coryli @ 551423B (1); 551423A (1)

Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (1)

Nectria peziza @ BPI (1)
Niessliaceae  Melanopsamma pomiformis @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora incarnata @ BPI (2)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium salicinum @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium apiculatum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium clavuligerum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes conchatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes igniarius @ BPI (2)

Fomes salicinus @ BPI (3)

Haploporus odorus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus adustus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus arcularius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus conchatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus ochroporus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus punctatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus zonatus @ BPI (2)

Poria friesiana @ BPI (1)

Poria punctata @ BPI (2)

Trametes odora @ BPI (2)

Trametes rubescens @ BPI (4)
Rhytismataceae  Propolis faginea @ BPI (3)

Propolis lecanora @ BPI (1)

Rhytisma salicinum @ BPI (28)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria amentacea @ BPI (2)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex lacteus @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum rugosum @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Ostropa cinerea @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium salicellum @ BPI (3)

Helotium virgultorum @ BPI (1)

Tricholoma cingulatum @ BPI (1)
Ulvaceae  Solenia ochracea @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Asteroma argentea @ BPI (2)

Asteroma capreae @ BPI (1)

Cryptoderis propinqua @ BPI (1)

Cryptospora salicella @ BPI (2)

Cytospora capreae @ BPI (1)

Cytospora salicis @ 365721A (1); 365721B (1); BPI (3)

Cytospora schweinitzii @ BPI (1)

Cytospora @ BPI (1)

Septomyxa grisea @ BPI (1)

Valsa auerswaldii @ BPI (1)

Valsa dolosa @ BPI (2)

Valsa germanica @ BPI (2)

Valsa nivea @ BPI (1)

Valsa salicina @ BPI (15)

Valsa schweinitzii @ BPI (8)

Valsa translucens @ BPI (8)

Valsella nigroannulata @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia chlorospora @ BPI (3)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon mammatum @ BPI (1)

Hypoxylon semi-immersum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria placenta @ BPI (1)
_  Ascochyta translucens @ BPI (1)

Coniothecium @ BPI (1)

Cryptostictis moravica @ BPI (1)

Desmopatella salicis @ BPI (3)

Fumago salicina @ BPI (2)

Gloeocystidium luridum @ BPI (3)

Hormiscium hysterioides @ BPI (1)

Hormiscium punctiforme @ BPI (1)

Mastomyces proboscidea @ BPI (1)

Melanostroma salicinum @ BPI (1)

Phialea amenti @ BPI (8)

Septogloeum propinquum @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema keisslerianum @ BPI (1)

Torula stilbospora @ BPI (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

Trimmatostroma betulinum @ BPI (1)

Trimmatostroma salicis @ BPI (7)

Uredo mixta @ BPI (1)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

80. Salix caprea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1020. 1753.

Goat or hoary willow

Shrubs or trees, 8-15 m. Stems: branches brownish, not glau-cous, pubescent to glabrescent, (peeled wood smooth or striate, striae sparse, to 6 mm); branchlets yellow-brown or gray-brown, sparsely to densely villous, velvety, or pubescent. Leaves: stipules rudi-mentary on early ones, foliaceous on late ones, apex acute or convex; petiole convex to flat adaxially, 7-25 mm, tomentose to glabrescent adaxially; largest medial blade narrowly elliptic, broadly elliptic, oblanceolate, obovate, or broadly oblong, 50-130 × 25-80 mm, 2-3 times as long as wide, base cuneate or convex, margins slightly revolute, entire, crenate, or sinuate, (glands submarginal or epilaminal), apex acuminate or convex, abaxial surface glaucous, sparsely tomentose or pubescent, hairs erect, wavy, adaxial dull or slightly glossy, sparsely pubescent; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade green, densely tomentose abaxially, hairs white, sometimes also ferruginous. Catkins flowering before leaves emerge; staminate subglobose or globose, 16-39 × 12-30 mm, flowering branchlet 0-3 mm; pistillate densely flowered, stout or subglobose, 27-64 × 10-25 mm, flowering branchlet 0-7 mm; floral bract dark brown or black, 2-4 mm, apex acute or rounded, abaxially hairy, hairs (white), straight. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong or square, 0.4-0.7 mm; filaments distinct, glabrous; anthers yellow, ellipsoid or shortly cylindrical, 0.7-1.1 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, narrowly oblong, or square, 0.4-0.9 mm, shorter than stipe; stipe 2-2.5 mm; ovary pyriform, densely short-silky, beak gradually tapering to styles; ovules 12-14 per ovary; styles 0.3-0.6 mm; stigmas slenderly cylindrical, 0.4-0.55-0.6 mm. Capsules 6-12 mm. 2 n = 38.

Flowering mid Mar-mid Jun. Thickets and roadsides; 20-4600 m; introduced; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ill., Md., Mass., Mich., Nebr., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Wash.; Europe.

Hybrids:

Salix × smithiana Willdenow: S. caprea × S. viminalis is an introduced European hybrid commonly naturalized in eastern Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island), where it was introduced for coarse basketry. Only pistillate specimens are known and seed-set has not been noted. Its spread is apparently by cultivation and stem fragmentation. It is characterized by: shrubs or trees, 2-10 m; branches yellow-brown, brownish, or gray-brown, pubescent to glabrescent, ± brittle at base, peeled 3-5 year-old branches smooth or striate, striae few, 0-6 mm; branchlets not glaucous, moderately densely pubescent; largest medial leaf blades very narrowly elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or narrowly oblong, 2.8-4.9(-6.4) times as long as wide, margins entire or sinuate, adaxial surfaces pubescent; catkins flowering before leaves emerge; stipes 0.9-2 mm; ovaries pyriform to obclavate, moderately to very densely short-silky; styles 0.5-1.2 mm; stigmas slenderly cylindrical, lobes 0.6-1.2 mm; and capsules 5-7 mm.

Hybrids Salix caprea × S. viminalis and S. cinerea × S. viminalis are commonly recognized in North American floras. They are difficult to separate and their nomenclature is confusing. I am following G. Larsson (1995), who typified S . × smithiana and cited S . × sericans (formerly S. cinerea × S. viminalis ) and S. caprea × S. viminalis as synonyms. These two S. viminalis hybrids are very similar. Salix caprea × S. viminalis has wood with striae 2-6 mm and leaves usually broadest in the middle; S. cinerea × S. viminalis has decorticated wood with striae 10+ mm and leaves usually broader toward the tip (B. Jonsell and T. Karlsson 2000+, vol. 1). Authentic S. cinerea × S. viminalis has not been seen from the flora area.

See 86. Salix pellita and 98. S. viminalis for more discussion of morphologies.

Updated: 2024-07-14 20:06:02 gmt
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