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Salix viminalis L.
OSIER
Basket willow

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Salicaceae   Salix

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Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis
Salix viminalis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Salix viminalis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Chaitophorus viminalis @ CSUC_TCN (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (3)

Diplodia salicina @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis salicis @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Dendrothele griseocana @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium amentorum @ BPI (1)

Marssonina kriegeriana @ BPI (3)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe salicella @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype bullata @ BPI (1)
Elsinoaceae  Sphaceloma murrayae @ BPI (3)
Erysiphaceae  Podosphaera schlechtendalii @ BPI (1)

Uncinula salicis @ BPI (2)
Gnomoniaceae  Gnomonia pleurostyla @ BPI (1)
Hydnaceae  Hydnum udum @ BPI (1)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora abieti-capraearum @ BPI (3)

Melampsora capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora epiphylla @ BPI (1)

Melampsora epitea @ BPI (20)

Melampsora farinosa @ BPI (2)

Melampsora larici-epitea @ BPI (1)

Melampsora laricis-capraearum @ BPI (1)

Melampsora laricis-epitea @ BPI (4)

Melampsora ribesii-viminalis @ BPI (12)
Melanommataceae  Aposphaeria salicum @ BPI (2)
Miridae  Pilophorus clavatus @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora salicina @ BPI (1)

Discella carbonacea @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria cinnabarina @ BPI (3)
Nitschkiaceae  Coronophora annexa @ BPI (1)
Platygloeaceae  Helicobasidium purpureum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes igniarius @ BPI (2)

Trametes suaveolens @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium virgultorum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora dolosa @ BPI (1)

Cytospora salicis @ BPI (1)

Septomyxa salicis @ BPI (1)

Valsa germanica @ BPI (1)

Valsa salicina @ BPI (1)
_  Cryptosporium hysterioides @ BPI (1)

Myxofusicoccum salicis @ BPI (1)

Phialea subgalbula @ BPI (1)

Speira minor @ BPI (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

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FNA Vol. 7 Page 94, 132, 137, 149 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Salicaceae | Salix

98. Salix viminalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1021. 1753.

Osier, basket willow, silky osier

Stems: branches yellow-brown, gray-brown, or yellowish, not glaucous, glabrous or puberulent; branchlets yellow-brown or yellowish (sometimes color obscured by hairs), glabrous, densely to sparsely villous, velvety, or puberulent. Leaves: stipules (not adnate to petioles), rudimentary or absent on early ones, (late ones sometimes brownish, linear, 5.4-10.4 mm), apex acuminate; petiole shallowly grooved adaxially, 4-13 mm, villous, puberulent, or velvety adaxially; largest medial blade linear, lorate, narrowly oblong, or narrowly elliptic, 53-130 × 5-33 mm, base cuneate, margins strongly revolute, sinuate or apparently entire, (glands epilaminal), apex acuminate, acute, or convex, abaxial surface apparently glaucous (obscured by hairs), densely short-silky, woolly, or tomentose, (midribs prominent, yellowish, and hairy), hairs appressed, spreading or erect, straight or wavy, adaxial dull or slightly glossy, sparsely or moderately densely pubescent, hairs gray; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade yellowish green, very densely tomentose or short-silky abaxially, hairs white. Catkins flowering just before or as leaves emerge; staminate stout, 24-48 mm, flowering branchlet 0-2 mm; pistillate densely flowered, 23-55 mm, flowering branchlet 0-6 mm; floral bract brown or tawny, 1.6-2.2 mm, apex convex or rounded, abaxially hairy, hairs straight. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong or oblong, 0.6-1.5 mm; filaments distinct; anthers purple turning yellow, ellipsoid to shortly cylindrical, 0.6-0.8 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong or oblong, 0.9-1.4 mm; ovary pyriform, beak gradually tapering to styles; ovules 12-18 per ovary; styles 0.6-1.8 mm. Capsules 4-6 mm. 2 n = 38.

Flowering Apr-early May. Sandy, open woods, cobble rivershores, lake margins, and roadsides; 0-300 m; introduced; N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Conn., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, R.I., Vt.; Europe.

Salix × smithiana ( S. caprea × S. viminalis ) is distinguished from S. viminalis by having leaf blades usually broad, 2.8-4.9(-6.4) times as long as wide, stipes 0.9-2 mm, ovaries short-silky, branches ± brittle at base, and petioles flat to convex adaxially; S. viminalis has leaf blades usually very narrow, 4.7-13.7 times as long as wide, stipes 0.1-0.5 mm, ovaries long-silky, branches flexible at base, and petioles shallowly grooved adaxially.

See Salix ×smithiana [p. 132] and 86. S. pellita for further comparative descriptions.

Updated: 2024-07-25 07:25:28 gmt
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