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- Australian Faunal Directory
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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
|http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/2d5eed84-325c-4b35-af01-b91ec25cfabf/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/2d5eed84-325c-4b35-af01-b91ec25cfabf/|
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/2d5eed84-325c-4b35-af01-b91ec25cfabf/
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Following modified from CalPhotos
|http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salvelinus+fontinalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Salvelinus+fontinalis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal|
Number of matches
SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Salvelinus fontinalis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon
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ID: 0000 0000 0704 0630
© 2004 John White
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0804 0009 0044
© University of California Museum of Paleontology
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0816
© 2005 John Isaac Holson
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Following modified from FishBase
|http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Salvelinus&speciesname=fontinalis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Salvelinus&speciesname=fontinalis|
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Salvelinus&speciesname=fontinalis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Salvelinus-fontinalis.html
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Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref.
meaning living in springs (Ref.
. More on author:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; anadromous (Ref.
); depth range 15 - 27 m (Ref.
). Temperate; 0°C - 25°C (Ref.
); 61°N - 34°N, 124°W - 52°W (Ref.
North America: native to most of eastern Canada from Newfoundland and Labrador to western side of Hudson Bay; south in Atlantic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins to Minnesota and northern Georgia (Applachian Mountains), USA; headwaters of Chattahoochee River (Gulf basin). Introduced widely in North America and temperate regions of other continents. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 86.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 26.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. published weight: 8.0 kg (Ref.
); max. reported age: 24 years (Ref.
(total): 3 - 4;
: 8 - 14;
: 58 - 62. Distinguished by the combination of dark green marbling on its back and dorsal fin and by the red spots with blue halos on its sides (Ref.
). Pelvic fins with axillary process; caudal nearly straight or with a shallow indentation (Ref.
). Color varies, but generally rather green to brownish on back, marked with paler vermiculations or marbling that extend onto the dorsal fin and sometimes the caudal; sides lighter than back, marked with numerous pale spots and some red spots, each of the latter surrounded by a blue halo; anal, pelvic and pectoral fins with a white leading edge followed by a dark stripe, the rest of the fins reddish (Ref.
). In spawning fish the lower sides and fins become red (Ref.
). Sea-run fish are dark green above with silvery sides, white bellies and very pale pink spots (Ref.
). Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref.
Occurs in clear, cool, well-oxygenated creeks, small to medium rivers, and lakes (Ref.
). Nerito-pelagic (Ref.
). Anadromous in some populations (Ref.
). In its native range, general upstream movements have been observed in early spring, summer and late fall; downstream movements, in late spring and fall (Ref.
). Some fish, popularly known as salters, run to the sea in the spring as stream temperature rises, but never venture more than a few kilometers from river mouths. It may remain at sea for up to three months (Ref.
). Feeds on a wide range of organisms including worms, leeches, crustaceans, insects (chironomids, caddisflies, blackflies, mayflies, stoneflies and dragonflies (Ref.
), mollusks, fishes and amphibians (Ref.
); also small mammals (Ref.
). Stomachs of some individuals contained traces of plant remains (Ref.
). There are reports of introduced fish reaching 15 years of age in California, USA (Ref.
). Cultured for food and for stocking (Ref.
). Extensively used as an experimental animal (Ref.
). Marketed fresh and smoked; eaten fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved, and baked (Ref.
Courtship begins with a male attempting to drive a female toward suitable spawning gravel. A receptive female chooses a spot and digs a redd. While the female is digging, the male continues courtship activity, darting alongside the female and quivering, swimming over and under her and rubbing her with his fins; most of the time however, is spent driving off other males. When the redd is completed, the pair enter the nest and deposit eggs and milt. After spawning the female covers the eggs by sweeping small pebbles at the downstream edge of the redd upstream. Once the eggs are completely covered, she moves to the upstream end of the redd and begins digging a new redd (Ref.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr
, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
; publication :
Sea Around Us
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Check for Aquarium maintenance
Check for Species Fact Sheets
Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets
Alien/Invasive Species database
Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
IGFA World Record
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
| Reef Life Survey |
Tree of Life
World Records Freshwater Fishing
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 1.5 - 10.7, mean 4.5 (based on 47 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00796 - 0.01094), b=3.02 (2.97 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.3 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-3; tmax=7).
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Luna, Susan M.
Luna, Susan M.
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