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Sarda australis (Macleay, 1881)
AUSTRALIAN BONITO
Bunnies; Bunny; Common Bonito; Horse Mackerel; Horsies; Little Bonito; Skipjack; Skippies; Striped Bonito; Sarda chiliensis australis Macleay, 1881; Sarda chiliensis Cuvier, 1832; Pelamys schlegeli McCoy, 1888; Pelamys australis Macleay, 1881

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scombridae   Sarda


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9df85c82-73d3-41db-a2a5-20c29d16a466 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/9df85c82-73d3-41db-a2a5-20c29d16a466
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » SCOMBROIDEI (Suborder) » SCOMBRIDAE (Family) » Sarda Cuvier, 1829 (Genus) » Sarda australis (Macleay, 1881)

Species Sarda australis (Macleay, 1881)

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CAAB : 37441020 Taxon concept Sarda_australis last modified 2013-10-09 10:07:52.756

Species Sarda australis (Macleay, 1881)

Australian Bonito , Bunnies, Bunny, Common Bonito, Horse Mackerel, Horsies, Little Bonito, Skipjack, Skippies, Striped Bonito


Compiler and date details

8 May 2012 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, & John R. Paxton & Matthew M. Lockett

20 December 2006 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & John R. Paxton

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Miscellaneous Literature Names

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria


Extra Distribution Information

Wistari Reef, QLD (23°30'S), to approx. Cape Otway, VIC (143°31'E), and TAS, also Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island; temperate, south-west Pacific (Norfolk Island and the North Island of New Zealand).


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Lord Howe Province (14), Norfolk Island Province (21), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coastal, inshore, marine, neritic, pelagic.

 

General References

Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them . Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. [95]

Collette, B.B. & Chao, L.N. 1975. Systematics and morphology of the bonitos ( Sarda ) and their relatives (Scombridae, Sardini). Fishery Bulletin (U.S.) 73 (3): 516-625 figs 1-70 [598]

Collette, B.B. & Nauen, C.E. 1983. FAO species catalogue. Scombrids of the world . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 2. Rome : FAO. 137 pp. 81 figs [50]

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast . Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [786]

Gomon, M.F. & Robertson, E.M. 1994. Family Scombridae. pp. 819-828, figs 724-732 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast . Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [823]

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers . Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [102, 141]

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [377]

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia . Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. [371]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 : 145–329 [264] (as Sarda chilensis , in part)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [113] (754, as Sarda chiliensis australis )

Paulin, C., Stewart, A., Roberts, C. & McMillan, P. 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series 19 : 1-279 [230]

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide . Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp. [101]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [48] (1416)

 

Common Name References

Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them . Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. [95] (Bunnies, Common Bonito, Horsies, Skipjack, Skippies)

Collette, B.B. & Nauen, C.E. 1983. FAO species catalogue. Scombrids of the world . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 2. Rome : FAO. 137 pp. 81 figs [50] (Little Bonito)

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia . Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [367] (Bunny, Striped Bonito)

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp. [121] (Horse Mackerel)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Australian Bonito )

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook . Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [166] ( Australian Bonito )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-May-2013 15-May-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Last modified: Wednesday, 9 October 2013 10:07:52 AM AEDT

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sarda&speciesname=australis ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sarda&speciesname=australis
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sarda&speciesname=australis ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Sarda-australis.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sarda australis (Macleay , 1881)

Australian bonito Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sarda australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Sarda australis (Australian bonito) Sarda australis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ).   Subtropical; 23°S - 48°S, 141°E - 180°E (Ref. 168 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: southeastern Australia, Norfolk Island and New Zealand.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637 ); common length : 45.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168 ); max. published weight: 9.4 kg (Ref. 168 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-18; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 14 - 17; Vertebrae : 45 - 46. Mouth moderately large. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21 to 39. Spleen large and prominent in lateral view. Liver with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Dorsal stripe closer to being horizontal than in other species of Sarda and extending up to the belly in some specimens.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Schooling by size and maturing from January through April. Flesh is light-colored of delicate flavor and good canning quality.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen , 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 05 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: usually FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 13.9 - 19.7, mean 14.9 (based on 107 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00413 - 0.01752), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Froese, Rainer Fish Forum
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