Wistari Reef, QLD (23°30'S), to approx. Cape Otway, VIC (143°31'E), and TAS, also Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island; temperate, south-west Pacific (Norfolk Island and the North Island of New Zealand).
Lord Howe Province (14), Norfolk Island Province (21), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40)
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
(total): 17 - 19;
: 14 - 17;
: 45 - 46. Mouth moderately large. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21 to 39. Spleen large and prominent in lateral view. Liver with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Dorsal stripe closer to being horizontal than in other species of
and extending up to the belly in some specimens.
Schooling by size and maturing from January through April. Flesh is light-colored of delicate flavor and good canning quality.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen
, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 13.9 - 19.7, mean 14.9 (based on 107 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00413 - 0.01752), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Luna, Susan M.
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