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Sarda orientalis (Temminck &. Schlegel, 1844)
ORIENTAL BONITO
Striped Bonito; Sarda chilensis Cuvier, 1832; Pelamys orientalis Temminck and Schlegel, 1844

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scombridae   Sarda

Sarda orientalis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Sarda orientalis

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Overview
Main identification features
  • 8-11 ~horizontal lines on back
  • gill rakers: 8-13
Dorsal fins close together, the first without prolonged spines anteriorly, its outline sloping in a straight line posteriorly, with XVII-XIX spines; second dorsal fin lower than first with 15-16 rays followed by 7-8 finlets; anal fin with 14-16 rays followed by 5-6 finlets; pectoral rays 23-26; gill rakers on first arch 8-13; lateral line wavy; body entirely covered with minute, front scales with well-developed corselet covered by large scales; tail base with a prominent lateral keel between two smaller keels on each side; top of tongue without cartilaginous crest; teeth large, conical.

Back and upper sides steel blue, with 8-11 dark, slightly oblique stripes; lower sides and belly silvery; first dorsal fin entirely black.

Size: grows to 117 cm; all- tackle world record 10.65 Kg.

Habitat: pelagic in coastal and ocean waters.

Depth: 0-30 m.

Indo-Pacific; the mouth of the Gulf of California to Peru and all the oceanic islands except Clipperton.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish; Pelagic crustacea.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=26; Southern limit=-6; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=32; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Pelagic.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 117 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Collette , B. B. and Chao, L. N., 1975., Systematics and morphology of the bonitos (Sarda) and their relatives (Scombridae, Sardini)., United States National Marine Fisheries Service Fisheries Bulletin, 73:516-625.
  • Collette , B. B. and Nauen, C. E., 1983., Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. FAO species catalogue Vol. 2., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 125.
  • Collette, B.B., Reeb, C. and Block, B.A., 2001., Systematics of the tunas and mackerels (Scombridae)., Fish Physiology, 19:1-33.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1992., Peces óseos comerciales del Parque Gorgona, Pacífico Colombiano (Osteichthyes: Elopidae, Chanidae, Exocoetidae, Belonidae y Scombridae)., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 40:117-124.
  • Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galápagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Joseph , J. , Klawe , W. and Murphy, P., 1988., Tuna and Billfish - fish without a country., Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission:69.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Temminck , C. J. and Schlegel, H., 1844., Pisces. In: Fauna Japonica, sive descriptio animalium quae in itinere per Japoniam suscepto annis 1823-30 collegit, notis observationibus et adumbrationibus illustravit P. F. de Siebold., Pisces, Fauna Japonica, (Parts 5-6):73-112.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/40839d10-0e34-4b2b-ad1e-6449cf427039 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/40839d10-0e34-4b2b-ad1e-6449cf427039
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Scombridae  
 Genus Sarda  
  Sarda orientalis    (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Pelamys orientalis Sarda orientalis serventyi Sarda velox   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body elongate and slightly compressed. Mouth moderately large; Upper jaw teeth 12 to 20; lower jaw teeth 10 to 17; vomerine teeth absent; 8 to 13 gillrakers on first arch. Dorsal fins close together, the first with XVII to XIX spines, its margin straight; the second with 14 to 17 rays followed by 7 to 9 finlets;;anal fin with 14 to 16 rays followed by 6 to 7 finlets; pectoral fins short, with 23 to 26 rays; interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line single, gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet; caudal peduncle slender, with a well developed lateral keel between 2 smaller keels on each side. Swimbladder absent; spleen large and prominent in ventral view, located in the posterior half of the visceral cavity; liver-with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Back with narrow oblique stripes. 
Habitat: A coastal species found schooling with small tunas. Also found around some islands. Feeds on clupeoids, other fishes, squids and decapod crustaceans. Spawning varies with the monsoon season. 
Distribution: Widespread but with many gaps in its known distribution. Eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Pacific coast of USA to southern tip of Baja California and Tres Marias Islands extending to Cabo Blanco, Peru (especially during El Niño events), the Gala 
Utility: Marketed mainly fresh; also dried-salted, canned and frozen. 
Name Code: 382492
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sarda orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel , 1844)

Striped bonito Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Sarda orientalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Sarda orientalis (Striped bonito) Sarda orientalis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Sarda: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 1 - 167 m (Ref. 58302 ).   Subtropical; 14°C - 23°C (Ref. 168 ); 43°N - 41°S, 24°E - 77°W (Ref. 168 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: widespread but with many gaps in its known distribution. Eastern Pacific: Hawaiian Islands and Pacific coast of USA to southern tip of Baja California and Tres Marias Islands extending to Cabo Blanco, Peru (especially during El Niño events), the Galapagos Islands and Gulf of Guayaquil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9684 ); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 ); max. published weight: 10.7 kg (Ref. 168 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 14 - 16; Vertebrae : 44 - 45. Mouth moderately large. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21 to 39. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body completely covered with very small scales posterior to the corselet. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large and prominent in ventral view. Liver with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Back with narrow oblique stripes.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A coastal species (Ref. 9340 ) found schooling with small tunas. Also found around some islands (Ref. 9684 ). Feeds on clupeoids, other fishes, squids and decapod crustaceans. Spawning varies with the monsoon season (Ref. 9684 ). Also caught with troll lines, encircling nets (Ref. 9340 ) and drift nets (Ref. 9684 ). Marketed mainly fresh; also dried-salted (Ref. 9684 ), canned and frozen (Ref. 9987 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen , 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 05 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 20.5 - 29, mean 27.6 (based on 2552 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00462 - 0.02067), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.2   ±0.69 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=3-4). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

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