Darwin (130º50´E) to about Drysdale Island (136ºE), NT; tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur.
The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
Chen, C.-H. (2004) Checklist of the fishes of Penghu. FRI Special Publication No. 4. 175 pp
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 2 - Engraulididae. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref.
. More on author:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar (but apparently not elsewhere in the western Indian Ocean), Madras, Indonesia, northern Australia. Chan's Hong Kong and Taipei specimens were most likely
. Occurrence in Thailand (Ref.
) needs to be confirmed.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 12 - 23. Body deep; total scutes 29 to 32. Vertical striae on scales overlapping or sometimes continuous at center of scale, numerous small perforations on hind part of scale. Closely resembles
which has dark dorsal and caudal fin tips. Differs from other deep-bodied species chiefly in its lower gill raker count and presence of a dark spot at dorsal fin of origin.
Forms schools in coastal waters (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
, 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 27.6 - 29.2, mean 28.6 (based on 786 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00526 - 0.01511), b=3.09 (2.94 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Binohlan, Crispina B.
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