Holotype AM I.12826 (formerly WAM 10710, figured in Whitley, G.P. 1940. Illustrations of some Australian fishes.
(4): 397–428 figs 1–45 pl. 30 [fig.6]), off Fremantle, WA.
Paratype(s) AM I.11224-25; AM I.13186-88.
Albany (35ºS) to Port Hedland (20º18´S), WA; tropical, temperate, east-Indo-west Pacific.
that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur.
The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Northwest Province (4), Central Western Transition (5)
Original AFD Distribution Data
Western Australia: Central W coast, Lower W coast, NW coast
Body elongate, subcylindrical, depth less than 30% of standard length, abdomenrounded; abdomen keeled with prepelvic and postpelvic scutes ; total number of scutes 32 to 35. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 77 to 188. Pelvic fins with i unbranched and 8 branched soft rays. Vertical striae on scales discontinuous not meeting at centre, without small perforations on posterior part of scale. Body no dark spot at dorsal-fin origin; a faint golden spot behind gill opening, followed by a faint golden midlateral line; also with a distinct black spot at posterior border of gill cover.
Forms large schools in coastal waters, particularly in the Bali Strait upwelling. Found in sheltered bays and lagoons. Feeds on phytoplankton and zooplankton, chiefly copepods.
Distributed in Indo-West Pacific from Phuket, Thailand, southern coasts of Java and Bali to Western Australia, north to the Philippines, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and southern Japan. It is common in waters around Taiwan.
Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, as bait, or made into fish meals.