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Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853
SCALY MACKEREL
Bali Sardinella; Fremantle Pilchard; Westralian Sardine; Amblygaster posterus Whitley, 1931

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Clupeidae   Sardinella


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Species Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853

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CAAB : 37085018 Taxon concept Sardinella_lemuru last modified 2010-07-27 09:56:15.118

Species Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853

Scaly Mackerel , Bali Sardinella, Fremantle Pilchard, Westralian Sardine

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Distribution

States

Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Albany (35ºS) to Port Hedland (20º18´S), WA; tropical, temperate, east-Indo-west Pacific.


Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)

IMCRA

Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Northwest Province (4), Central Western Transition (5)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Western Australia: Central W coast, Lower W coast, NW coast

Ecological Descriptors

Estuary, inshore, pelagic, schooling.

 

General References

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [95]

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. [75]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [22] (154, as Amblygaster postera )

Munroe, T.A., Wongratana, T. & Nizinski, M.S. 1999. Family Clupeidae. pp. 1775-1821 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068. [1814]

Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985. FAO species catalog. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). Part 1 — Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 7 Pt 1. pp. 1-303 [103]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [34] (181)

 

Common Name References

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes . Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [95] (Westralian Sardine)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. (Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. [75]) ( Scaly Mackerel )

Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985. FAO species catalog. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). Part 1 — Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 7 Pt 1. pp. 1-303 [103] (FAO) (Bali Sardinella)

Whitley, G.P. 1940. Illustrations of some Australian fishes. The Australian Zoologist 9 (4): 397-428 figs 1-45 pls 30-31 [401] (Fremantle Pilchard)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 9:56:15 AM AEST

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Clupeidae  
 Genus Sardinella  
  Sardinella lemuru    Bleeker, 1853 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Amblygaster posterus Clupea nymphaea Harengula nymphaea Sardinella allecia Sardinella aurita Sardinella longiceps Sardinella samarensis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鱘形目; 海鰱目; 鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body elongate, subcylindrical, depth less than 30% of standard length, abdomenrounded; abdomen keeled with prepelvic and postpelvic scutes ; total number of scutes 32 to 35. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 77 to 188. Pelvic fins with i unbranched and 8 branched soft rays. Vertical striae on scales discontinuous not meeting at centre, without small perforations on posterior part of scale. Body no dark spot at dorsal-fin origin; a faint golden spot behind gill opening, followed by a faint golden midlateral line; also with a distinct black spot at posterior border of gill cover. 
Habitat: Forms large schools in coastal waters, particularly in the Bali Strait upwelling. Found in sheltered bays and lagoons. Feeds on phytoplankton and zooplankton, chiefly copepods. 
Distribution: Distributed in Indo-West Pacific from Phuket, Thailand, southern coasts of Java and Bali to Western Australia, north to the Philippines, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and southern Japan. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, as bait, or made into fish meals.  
Name Code: 380967
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