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Sargocentron punctatissimum (Cuvier, 1829)
SPECKLED SQUIRRELFISH
Peppered Squirrelfish; Holocentrum punctatissimum Cuvier, 1829

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Holocentridae   Sargocentron


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/844bd4db-44c1-4d6d-a3d7-29d6677a5cd0 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/844bd4db-44c1-4d6d-a3d7-29d6677a5cd0
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/844bd4db-44c1-4d6d-a3d7-29d6677a5cd0 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f6d80c39-fd58-4c6d-8c33-65dfd315ebeb;jsessionid=8DC8D56ABD258128FE3FBD3E6A1EEC00
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f6d80c39-fd58-4c6d-8c33-65dfd315ebeb;jsessionid=8DC8D56ABD258128FE3FBD3E6A1EEC00 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f6d80c39-fd58-4c6d-8c33-65dfd315ebeb;jsessionid=8DC8D56ABD258128FE3FBD3E6A1EEC00
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beryciformes  
 Family Holocentridae  
 Genus Sargocentron  
  Sargocentron punctatissimum    (Cuvier, 1829) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Adioryx lacteoguttatus Faremusca lacteoguttata termastigma Holocenthrus gladispinis Holocenthrus gracilispinis Holocentrum argenteum Holocentrum diploxiphus Holocentrum lacteoguttatum Holocentrum punctatissimum Holocentrus lacteoguttatum Holocentrus lacteoguttatus Holocentrus laeteoguttatus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993) Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002) Fishbase(2008) Randall, J.E, 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species.. Indo-Pacific Fishe
Character: Dorsal fin with XI spines and 12-14 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body reddish silver, iridescent bluish above; scales finely dotted with black; spinous dorsal silvery white, with broad red margin. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-3.15 in SL; head length (HL) 2.75-3.1 in SL; snout length 4.0-4.65 in HL; interorbital width 3.6-4.05 in HL; small mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla reaching from below front of iris to below center of eye, upper jaw length 2.7-3.15 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to about a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; small nasal fossa without spinules on its edge; upper edge of suborbital bone below the eye weakly serrated, spineless laterally; short preopercular spine 1/2-3/4 orbit diameter, 4.75-6.45 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spine longest 2.0-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.2-1.55 in HL. 
Habitat: Inhabits surge-swept tunnels and crevices of the reef margin and reef front. Rarely occurs below 30m, but has been observed at depths of 101 to 183 m in the Hawaiian Islands; majority of specimens collected in less than 3m, often in tide pools. It dispers 
Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Algoa Bay, South Africa to the Hawaiian and Easter islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and the Austral Islands. Throughout Micronesia. 
Utility: Commercial food species, edible. 
Name Code: 380935
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sargocentron+punctatissimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Sargocentron+punctatissimum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Sargocentron punctatissimum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Sargocentron punctatissimum
Sargocentron punctatissimum
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0631 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Sargocentron punctatissimum
Sargocentron punctatissimum
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0632 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sargocentron&speciesname=punctatissimum ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sargocentron-punctatissimum.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sargocentron-punctatissimum.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Sargocentron-punctatissimum.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sargocentron punctatissimum (Cuvier , 1829)

Speckled squirrelfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron punctatissimum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Sargocentron punctatissimum (Speckled squirrelfish) Sargocentron punctatissimum
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 183 m (Ref. 9710 ), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical; 32°N - 28°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 4201 ) to the Hawaiian and Easter islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and the Austral Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines : 4; Anal soft rays : 8 - 9. Body reddish silver, iridescent bluish above; scales finely dotted with black; spinous dorsal silvery white, with broad red margin (Ref. 4201 ). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-3.15 in SL; head length (HL) 2.75-3.1 in SL; snout length 4.0-4.65 in HL; interorbital width 3.6-4.05 in HL; small mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla reaching from below front of iris to below center of eye, upper jaw length 2.7-3.15 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to about a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; small nasal fossa without spinules on its edge; upper edge of suborbital bone below the eye weakly serrated, spineless laterally; short preopercular spine 1/2-3/4 orbit diameter, 4.75-6.45 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spine longest 2.0-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.2-1.55 in HL (Ref. 27370 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits surge-swept tunnels and crevices of the reef margin and reef front. Rarely occurs below 30 m, but has been observed at depths of 101 to 183 m in the Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 1602 ); majority of specimens collected in less than 3 m, often in tide pools (Ref. 27370 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). It disperses at night over sand flats and open reef bottom to feed on small crustaceans, crustacean larvae, and polychaete worms. Spine of preopercle venomous. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron , with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334 )




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.8 - 29, mean 27.7 (based on 1152 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00840 - 0.02167), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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