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Sargocentron spinosissimum (Temminck and Schlegel, 1843)
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Beryciformes  
 Family Holocentridae  
 Genus Sargocentron  
  Sargocentron spinosissimum    (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Adioryx spinosissimus Holocentrum spinosissimum Holocentrus spinosissimus Sargocentron spinossisimum   details
Citation: Nakamura (1943)。陳等(2010)。
Character: Dorsal fin with XI-VIIXVII spines and 12-13 soft rays; anal fin with IV spines and 8-9 soft rays. Body with 9 red stripes alternating with 9 narrower white stripes that pass along the middle of the longitudinal scale rows; head red with a white bar along the posterior margin of preopercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.45-2.75 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.7 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in HL; large eyes, orbit diameter 2.6-3.1; least interorbital width 4.5-5.1 in HL; maxilla extending from a vertical at front edge of the pupil to slightly beyond the center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.45-2.8 in HL; premaxillary groove usually not reaching a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; moderately large nasal fossa, often spineless (1 specimen with 1 spinule on anterior edge on one side, another with 2 projecting outward); upper surface of nasal bone with 4-16 small retrorse spines between nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove; often 2 or 3 small retrorse spines posteriorly on medial edge of nasal bone (premaxillary groove margin); 2 long opercular spines, the lower about 3/4 length to nearly as long as the upper spine; preopercular spine, 4.45-6.6 in HL; ridge at upper edge of suborbital bones serrate, the serrae decreasing in size posteriorly; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.9-2.25 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.6 in HL; rounded caudal fin lobes. 
Habitat: Inhabits rocky soil of deep waters. Inhabits in 20-50 meter deep ocean. Nocturnal behaviour, feed during the night. 
Distribution: Northwest Pacific: southern Japan to Taiwan; also reported from Hawaii. 
Utility: Commerical foods species. Edible. Palatable. 
Name Code: 380938
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sargocentron&speciesname=spinosissimum ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sargocentron&speciesname=spinosissimum
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sargocentron&speciesname=spinosissimum ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Sargocentron-spinosissimum.html

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Sargocentron spinosissimum (Temminck & Schlegel , 1843)

North Pacific squirrelfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron spinosissimum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Sargocentron spinosissimum (North Pacific squirrelfish) Sargocentron spinosissimum
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335 ) ;   spinosissimum: Named for its numerous small spines.   More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 120 - 230 m (Ref. 27370 ).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: southern Japan to Taiwan; also reported from Hawaii.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27370 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 77; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines : 4; Anal soft rays : 8 - 9. Body with 9 red stripes alternating with 9 narrower white stripes that pass along the middle of the longitudinal scale rows; head red with a white bar along the posterior margin of preopercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.45-2.75 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.7 in SL; snout length 3.6-4.0 in HL; large eyes, orbit diameter 2.6-3.1; least interorbital width 4.5-5.1 in HL; maxilla extending from a vertical at front edge of the pupil to slightly beyond the center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.45-2.8 in HL; premaxillary groove usually not reaching a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; moderately large nasal fossa, often spineless (1 specimen with 1 spinule on anterior edge on one side, another with 2 projecting outward); upper surface of nasal bone with 4-16 small retrorse spines between nasal fossa and edge of premaxillary groove; often 2 or 3 small retrorse spines posteriorly on medial edge of nasal bone (premaxillary groove margin); 2 long opercular spines, the lower about 3/4 length to nearly as long as the upper spine; preopercular spine, 4.45-6.6 in HL; ridge at upper edge of suborbital bones serrate, the serrae decreasing in size posteriorly; 3rd or 4th dorsal spine longest, 1.9-2.25 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.6 in HL; rounded caudal fin lobes (Ref. 27370 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives in rocky soil of deep waters (Ref. 9137 ). Benthopelagic in or near crevices and caves of rocky substrates (Ref. 58302 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron , with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 5.7 - 20.9, mean 16.9 (based on 47 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00806 - 0.03417), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.0   ±0.66 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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