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Sargocentron xantherythrum (Jordan and Evermann, 1903)
HAWAIIAN SQUIRRELFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Holocentridae   Sargocentron


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sargocentron&speciesname=xantherythrum ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sargocentron-xantherythrum.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sargocentron-xantherythrum.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Sargocentron-xantherythrum.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sargocentron xantherythrum (Jordan & Evermann , 1903)

Hawaiian squirrelfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron xantherythrum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Sargocentron xantherythrum (Hawaiian squirrelfish) Sargocentron xantherythrum
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 217 m (Ref. 58302 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: known only from the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 ); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 583 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines : 4; Anal soft rays : 9. Body with alternating about stripes of red and silvery white; head red; operculum with silvery reflections, a white streak from above edge of upper jaw to the corner of pre, and a narrow white band on posterior edge of preopercle. Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-3.1 in SL; head length (HL) 2.55-2.75 in SL; snout length 3.85-4.15 in HL; interorbital width 4.8-5.15 in HL; maxilla extending from below front of the pupil nearly to center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.55-2.8 in HL; premaxillary groove at least to a vertical at front edge of the orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal; medial margin of nasal bone spineless; small nasal fossa without spinules on margin; slight ridge along the upper edge of suborbital bones smooth anteriorly, slightly serrate below posterior part of eye; preopercular spine, 5.4-7.1 in HL; 2 opercular spines (1 specimen with a large opercular spine), the lower 1/2 to 2/3 length of the upper spine; 4th dorsal spine usually longest, 2.2-2.55 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.5-2.05 in HL (Ref. 27370 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits seaward reefs below the surge zone, common near caves and ledges (Ref. 9710 ). Feeds mainly on crustaceans.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron , with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 6.1 - 13.9, mean 8.7 (based on 5 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00774 - 0.03400), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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