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- Australian Faunal Directory
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Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Male picture by
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref.
. More on author:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref.
), usually 20 - ? m (Ref.
). Tropical; 19°N - 24°S
Western Central Pacific: Philippines to the Solomon Islands, north to the Marshall Islands, south to Scott Reef and the Great Barrier Reef. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 9. Males recognized by the yellow pectoral fins, horizontal green band from tip of snout to above pectoral fin base and large individuals with oval yellow patch on caudal peduncle. Females plain yellowish grey with pale lines along abdominal area (Ref.
). Scales large. Median predorsal scales 4; 3 scale rows on cheek, ventral row with 1-2 scales. Truncate caudal fin in initial phase (slightly rounded); slightly lunate in terminal phase. Dental plates nearly covered by lips. Terminal males with 1 or 2 upward-projecting canines posteriorly on lower dental plate and 1 on upper plate. Large initial phase individuals are tan while terminal phase individuals have a distinctive transparent yellowish-tan pectoral fin (Ref.
Inhabits lagoon and channel reefs, usually deeper 20 m (Ref.
). Minimum depth of 2 m reported from Ref. 2689.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref.
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall
, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Least Concern (LC)
; Date assessed:
17 September 2009
Threat to humans
Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
) | GloBI |
| IGFA World Record |
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
Reef Life Survey
Tree of Life
) | World Records Freshwater Fishing |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 25.8 - 28.8, mean 27.4 (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01077 - 0.04443), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Capuli, Estelita Emily
Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz
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