FishBase | Search | All Living Things


Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775
BLUEBARRED PARROTFISH
Blue-barred Orange Parrot-fish; Blue-barred Orange Parrotfish; Blue-barred Parrotfish; Flame-breasted Parrot-fish; Yellowscale Parrotfish; Pseudoscarus flavipinnis De Vis, 1885; Pseudoscarus nudirostris Alleyne and Macleay, 1877; Scarus pyrrostethus australianus Paradice, 1927; Scarus toshi Whitley, 1933; Bluechin Parrotfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scaridae   Scarus

Scarus ghobban
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Scarus ghobban

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Scarus ghobban
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Scarus ghobban
Scarus ghobban
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Scarus ghobban

Scarus ghobban
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Scarus ghobban
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • initial phase : eye - 3 radiating blue lines
  • initial phase : tan + 5 pale bars;
  • terminal phase : green-blue back, pink below
  • cheek: lowest scale row - 2 scales
  • pectoral 15 (13-14 branched)
Dorsal rays IX, 10; anal rays III, 9; pectoral rays 15, 13 (rarely 14) branched; median predorsal scales usually 6, their size decreasing anteriorly; 3 rows of scales on cheek, upper 2 rows with 5-7 (usually 6) scales, lower row 2-3 (usually 2) scales; forehead without hump in adults; tail fin slightly emarginate in small initial phase fish to strongly concave in terminal males.

Initial phase overall yellowish to yellowish green with five irregular scale blue to whitish bars on side; terminal males blue greenish on back with salmon-pink scale edges, lower side largely salmon pink with green scale margins; a pair of blue bands on chin. Juveniles pale with yellowish hue, either striped (3 dark stripes along body) or barred (5 narrow blue-white spotted bars); vertical fins orange-yellow.

Size: grows to 90 cm.

Habitat: usually seen on shallow reefs and adjacent sand-rubble areas.

Depth: 1-35 m.

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; SW Gulf of California, central Mexico to Ecuador, including the Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 35 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: benthic microalgae; detritus.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=27; Southern limit=-3; Western limit=-112; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=30; Longitudinal range=34.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Herbivore; Omnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 90 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Aburto-Oropeza , O. and Balart, E. F., 2001., Community structure of reef fish in several habitats of a rocky reef in the Gulf of California., Marine Ecology, 22:283-305.
  • Acosta Salmón , H. and Martínez Fernández, E., 2000., Propuesta preliminar ... de concha nacar (Pteria sterna Gould, 1851) en la Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México. En Aburto Oropeza, O. y C. A. Sánchez Ortiz (Eds.). Recursos arrecifales del Golfo de California, …., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:95-106.
  • Bellwood , D. R. and Choat, J. H., 1989., A description of the juvenile phase colour patterns of 24 parrotfish species (Family Scarida) from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia., Records of the Australian Museum, 41:1-41.
  • Bellwood, D. R., 1991., A phylogenetic study of the parrotfishes family Scaridae (Pisces: Labroidei), with a revision of genera., Records of the Australian Museum, 20:1-86.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. , Balart , E. F. and Arvizu-Martínez, J., 1995., Contribución al conocimiento del origen y distribución de la ictiofauna del Golfo de California, México., Hidrobiologica, 5:57-78.
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M. and Martínez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Forsskål, P., 1775., Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit... Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae., Descr. Animalium, :1-164.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Heller , E. and Snodgrass, R.E., 1903., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XV. New fishes., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 5:189-229.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1985., The inshore fish fauna of the Galápagos Islands. In Key Environments-Galápagos, ed. R. Perry., Pergamon Press:133-144.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1990., Ictiofauna Indopacifica asociada a los corales de la Isla de Gorgona., Revista de Ciencias, 2:97-105.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
   Top | See original

http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3bf57f15-ba55-494c-811b-bd67d94fb0c9 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3bf57f15-ba55-494c-811b-bd67d94fb0c9
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/3bf57f15-ba55-494c-811b-bd67d94fb0c9 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1faefdff-7cd8-4b75-b43c-fd7e84d4bb7f;jsessionid=42577105B8DE0CCBDA6412825113D14A
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1faefdff-7cd8-4b75-b43c-fd7e84d4bb7f;jsessionid=42577105B8DE0CCBDA6412825113D14A ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1faefdff-7cd8-4b75-b43c-fd7e84d4bb7f;jsessionid=42577105B8DE0CCBDA6412825113D14A
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/1faefdff-7cd8-4b75-b43c-fd7e84d4bb7f;jsessionid=42577105B8DE0CCBDA6412825113D14A

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Scaridae  
 Genus Scarus  
  Scarus ghobban    ForsskÃ¥l, 1775 
Provider: Chen, Li-Shu 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Callyodon apridentatus Callyodon dussumieri Callyodon fuscocuneus Callyodon ghobban Callyodon guttatus Callyodon speigleri Hemistoma reticulata Pseudoscarus californiensis Pseudoscarus cantori Pseudoscarus flavipinnis Pseudoscarus garretti details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Fishbase(2006); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Review and doubtful species of Scaridae of Taiwan(Liao et al., 2004)
Name Code: 382449
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
Previous Page       Home Page

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Scarus+ghobban&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Scarus+ghobban&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Scarus ghobban%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Scarus ghobban
Scarus ghobban
Bluebarred Parrotfish
ID: 0000 0000 0900 0129 [detail]
© 2000 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scarus&speciesname=ghobban ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scarus&speciesname=ghobban
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scarus&speciesname=ghobban ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Scarus-ghobban.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Scarus ghobban Forsskål , 1775

Blue-barred parrotfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scarus ghobban   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: ForsskÃ¥l .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 90 m (Ref. 89642 ).   Tropical; 31°N - 35°S, 21°E - 77°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 80050 ); Red Sea and Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 5490 ) to Rapa and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Perth, New South Wales. Likely at Seychelles (Ref. 1623 ). Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador (Ref. 5227 ). Eastern Mediterranean: off the coast of Shiqmona, first Lessepsian immigrant of Family Scaridae (Ref. 45081 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 49 - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102 ); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 ); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 42001 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: median predorsal scales 6-8 (usually 7); 3 scale rows on cheek, 1(6-7), 2(6-9), 3(3-5); pectoral-fin rays 13-15 (occasionally 15); terminal male usually with 2 conical teeth on side of upper dental plate (female without), with lips mainly covering the plates; caudal fin rounded in small female, with prolonged lobes in large adult. Colour of male dark reddish brown anteriorly with a bright green dot at top end of line from mouth through eye to top of opercular opening; female red on head, belly and fins, side with wavy black and white stripes, and dark green bands around the mouth and eye (Ref. 9793 , 90102 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602 ), in slopes and drop-offs (Ref. 48636 ), often solitary but may sometimes occur in small groups (Ref. 9710 , 48636 ). Males common in atolls where they live mainly around the inner and outer edges of barrier reefs at depths of about 30 ft; females prefer deeper habitat (Ref. 4821 ). Small juveniles in groups are found inshore on algae reef habitat (Ref. 9710 , 48636 ) and sometimes enter silty, murky environments (Ref. 5490 ). Feed by scraping algae from rocks and corals (Ref. 5227 ). Are protogynous hermaphrodites (Ref. 55367 ). Caught with nets and other types of artisanal gear. Marketed fresh (Ref. 5284 ). In the Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253 ). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 90102.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ). Sex change occurs at 29.0 cm TL and 7 years of age (Ref. 55367 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall , 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 18 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | OsteoBase( skull , spine ) | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 1802 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.