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Scarus vetula Bloch and Schneider, 1801
QUEEN PARROTFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scaridae   Scarus


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Scarus vetula Bloch & Schneider , 1801

Queen parrotfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
Reviewed map
Scarus vetula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Scarus vetula (Queen parrotfish) Scarus vetula
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical; 33°N - 8°N, 98°W - 59°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), and Bahamas to northern South America; throughout the Caribbean Sea.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251 ); common length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3802 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9. Young adults of both sexes dark gray overall, with broad white stripe slightly below mid-side. Super males have upper pectoral fin margin and upper and lower margins of tail dusky with submarginal band of brownish orange (Ref. 26938 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral reefs and adjacent habitats. Feeds on algae scraped from rocks or dead coral. Sleeps in a mucus cocoon (Ref. 9710 ). Often seen in groups of one super male with several young adults, most of which are probably females (Ref. 26938 ). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Forms permanent harem groups composed of a single male and several smaller females (Ref. 55367 ). A monandric species (Ref. 55367 ). Length at sex change = 25.2 cm TL (Ref. 55367 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray , 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 15 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911 )




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
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Vision

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 26.2 - 28.2, mean 27.4 (based on 528 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00671 - 0.03113), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.6). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2020-01-29 02:15:39 gmt
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