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Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch &. Schimp
Life   Plantae   Bryophyta   Grimmiaceae   Schistidium

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Schistidium apocarpum s.l.
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Schistidium apocarpum s.l.

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Bryophyta  
 Class Bryopsida  
 Order Grimmiales  
 Family Grimmiaceae  
 Genus Schistidium  
  Schistidium apocarpum    (Hedw.) B. S. G., 1845 
Provider: Chiang, Tzen-Yuh 
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Synonyms: Apocarpum commune Barbula flexicaulis Dicranum phascoidum Grimmia abscondita Grimmia alfredii Grimmia apocarpa Grimmia apocarpa umbrosa Grimmia apocarpon Grimmia apocaula Grimmia atrofusca Grimmia beckettiana details
Citation: Wijk, R. van der, W. D. Margadant & P. A. Florschütz 1969. Index Muscorum. 5(T–Z, Appendix). Regnum Veg. 65. xii + 922 pages. Bell, B. G. 1984. A synoptic flora of South Georgian mosses: Grimmia and Schistidium. Brit. Antarct. Surv. Bull. 63: 71–109. Corley, M. F. V., A. C. Crundwell, R. Düll, M. O. Hill & A. J. E. Smith 1981 [1982]. Mosses of Europe and the Azores: an annotated list of species, with synonyms from the recent literature. J. Bryol. 11: 609–689. Deguchi, H. 1978 [1979]. A revision of the genera Grimmia, Schistidium and Coscinodon(Musci) of Japan. J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 16: 121–256.
Name Code: 200345
  
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Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp.
schistidium moss

Image of Schistidium apocarpum

General Information
Symbol: SCAP70
Group: Moss
Family: Grimmiaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit : Nonvascular
Native Status : NA   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
GRALD Grimmia alpicola Hedw. var. dupretii (Thér.) H.A. Crum
GRAP70 Grimmia apocarpa Hedw.
GRAPA Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. ambigua (Sull.) G. Jones
GRAPA2 Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. atrofusca (Schimp.) Husn.
GRAPB Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. brunnescens (Limpr.) Mönk.
GRAPC Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. conferta (Funck) Spreng.
GRAPD Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. dupretii (Thér.) Sayre
GRAPG Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. gracilis Röhl.
GRAPN Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. nigrescens Molendo
GRAPO Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. obscuroviridis H.A. Crum
GRAPS Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. stricta (Turner) Hook. & Taylor
GRAPT3 Grimmia apocarpa Hedw. var. tenerrima Nees & Hornsch.
GRAT3 Grimmia atricha Müll. Hal. & Kindb.
GRCO6 Grimmia coloradensis Austin
GRDU3 Grimmia dupretii Thér.
GRGR4 Grimmia gracilis (Hedw.) F. Weber & D. Mohr
GRST5 Grimmia stricta Turner
SCALD Schistidium alpicola (Hedw.) Limpr. var. dupretii (Thér.) H.A. Crum
SCAM8 Schistidium ambiguum Sull.
SCAPA2 Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. ambiguum (Sull.) G. Jones
SCAPA3 Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. atrofuscum (Schimp.) C.E.O. Jensen ex Weim.
SCAPB Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. brunnescens (Limpr.) Herz.
SCAPC Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. confertum (Funck) H. Möller
SCAPD Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. dupretii (Thér.) Wijk & Margad.
SCAPG Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. gracile (Röhl.) Bruch & Schimp.
SCAPN Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. nigrescens (Molendo) Loeske
SCAPS Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. var. strictum (Turner) Moore
SCAT6 Schistidium atrofuscum (Schimp.) Limpr.
SCBR10 Schistidium brunnescens Limpr.
SCGR6 Schistidium gracile (Röhl.) Schleich. ex Limpr.
SCST9 Schistidium strictum (Turner) T. Kop. & Isov.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Division Bryophyta – Mosses
Subdivision Musci
Class Bryopsida – True mosses
Subclass Bryidae
Order Grimmiales
Family Grimmiaceae
Genus Schistidium Brid. – schistidium moss
Species Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp. – schistidium moss

Subordinate Taxa

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 27 Page 207, 210, 211 , 217 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 27 | Grimmiaceae | Schistidium

2. Schistidium apocarpum (Hedwig) Bruch & Schimper, Bryol. Europ. 3: 99. 1845.

Grimmia apocarpa Hedwig, Sp. Musc. Frond., 76. 1801; Schistidium lancifolium H. H. Blom; S. umbrosum (J. E. Zetterstedt) H. H. Blom

Plants in open tufts or mats, olivaceous to brownish (black), sometimes with yellowish tones. Stems 1.2-12 cm, central strand weak or absent. Leaves erect or curved, rarely (falcate-) secund when dry, ovate-lanceolate, sharply keeled distally, (1.3-)1.7-2.5(-3.2) mm, 1-stratose or rarely 2-stratose in striae distally; margins usually recurved throughout or to just before the apex, usually denticulate distally, 1 or 2-stratose; apices acute or sub-obtuse; costa percurrent or excurrent as a smooth or weakly denticulate, occasionally decurrent awn, abaxial surface often papillose; basal marginal cells usually quadrate; distal laminal cells mostly short-rectangular, 8-10 µm wide, smooth, sinuose. Sexual condition autoicous. Capsule dark red or brown, short-cylindric, 0.7-1.3 mm; exothecial cells usually quadrate, sometimes mixed with short-elongate or oblate cells, thin-walled, usually trigonous; stomata present; peristome patent or erect, often twisted, 350-600(-700) µm, red, densely papillose, usually perforated. Spores 11-14(-19) µm, granulose or smooth.

Capsules mature late spring to early summer. Rocks in somewhat shaded habitats; low to moderate elevations (0-1500 m); Greenland; Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Que.; Alaska, Mich., N.Y., Vt., Wash., Wis.; Eurasia.

Although H. H. Blom (1996) considered Schistidium apocarpum to be restricted in the flora area to the eastern portions of North America, it is more widespread and scattered across the continent. The denticulate leaf margins, papillose abaxial costal surface, short-cylindrical capsules, and the thin-walled, often evenly quadrate exothecial cells are distinguishing characters. The long peristome teeth are also useful in identifying S. apocarpum . In good condition the peristome can only be confused with that of S. trichodon , which differs in the darker, often black color of its plants, the peristome teeth often forming a dome, and the cylindrical capsules that retain the columella.

Updated: 2020-06-01 20:30:41 gmt
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