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Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758
BROWN MEAGRE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sciaenidae   Sciaena


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sciaena umbra   Linnaeus , 1758

Brown meagre Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sciaena umbra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Sciaena umbra (Brown meagre) Sciaena umbra
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Sciaena: Greek, skiaina, skion = a fish, red mullet (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 200 m (Ref. 9505 ).   Subtropical; 53°N - 13°N, 19°W - 42°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: English Channel to Mauritania, occasionally southwards to Senegal. Also throughout the Mediterranean and Black seas. Records from Ghana (Ref. 6810 ) and Gabon (Ref. 5516 ) are questionable.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 25.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397 ); common length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397 ); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 9505 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 23-25; Anal spines : 2; Anal soft rays : 7 - 8

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow coastal waters mainly on rocky and sandy bottoms, often entering estuaries and more active at night. Also inhabits caves and reefs (Ref. 9987 ). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 4780 ). SCUBA diving observations suggest this to be a very calm fish with remarkable buoyancy control and an ability to move without much apparent effort (Ref. 9505 ). Marketed fresh and frozen; in Turkey, otoliths are ground to a powder and used as remedy for urinary tract infections (Ref. 9987 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas , 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Near Threatened (NT)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 12.8 - 19.6, mean 15.3 (based on 215 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00776 - 0.00977), b=3.08 (3.05 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19; tm=3; tmax=21). Prior r = 0.44, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.79, log(r) = -0.82, SD log(r) = 0.29, Based on: 1 M, 2 K, 2 tgen, 1 tmax, records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Papasissi, Christine Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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