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Scomberoides tol (Cuvier, 1832)
Needle-scaled Queenfish; Needlescaled Queenfish; Slender Leatherskin; Chorinemus tol Cuvier, 1832

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Carangidae   Scomberoides

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/aa7b43b4-7688-4480-a19c-c5b2654da8db/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/aa7b43b4-7688-4480-a19c-c5b2654da8db/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Carangidae  
 Genus Scomberoides  
  Scomberoides tol    (Cuvier, 1832) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Chorinemus tala Chorinemus tol Scomberoides formosanus Scomeroides tol   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Lin & Shao(1999)
Character: D. VII, I+19-20; A. II, I+18-19; P. i+16-17; G.R. 6-7+17-18; vertebrate 10+16. Maxilla extends to posterior border of pupil. Scales on middle of body slender and needle-like. Lateral line slightly arched above pectoral fin. Body bluish dorsally, white ventrally; adults with 5 to 8 oval or vertically oblong black blotches, the first 4 or 5 of which intersect lateral line (blotches faint or absent in young); distal half of dorsal-fin lobe abruptly and heavily pigmented; anal-fin lobe usually immaculate, white in life. 
Habitat: Usually found in small schools near the surface in coastal waters. As is true of all members of the genus, the spines of the first dorsal and anal fins are venomous (especially the latter) and capable of inflicting painful stings. Feeds primarily on fishe 
Distribution: Commonly distributed in tropical and subtropical coastal waters of Indo-West Pacific. It is common in waters around Taiwan, expecially in the western part. 
Utility: Food fish; marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 381546
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scomberoides&speciesname=tol ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scomberoides&speciesname=tol
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scomberoides&speciesname=tol ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Scomberoides-tol.html
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Scomberoides tol (Cuvier , 1832)

Needlescaled queenfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Scomberoides tol   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Scomberoides tol (Needlescaled queenfish) Scomberoides tol
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Scomberoidinae
Etymology: Scomberoides: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Cuvier .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016 ).   Tropical; 26°C - 29°C (Ref. 4959 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: widespread throughout the Indian Ocean from Natal, South Africa northward and from Japan south to Australia and east to Fiji.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 26.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3197 ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450 ); max. published weight: 510.00 g (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-21; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 18 - 20. Dorsally bluish, ventrally silver or white, with 5-8 vertically oblong or oval black spots5-8, the first 4-5 intersect the lateral line, dorsal fin lobe black outer half (Ref. 3197 , 90105 ). Body strongly compressed, oblong and elliptical, dorsal and ventral profiles equally convex. In adults, upper jaw extends to posterior edge of pupil. Soft rays of posterior dorsal and anal fins consist of semi-detached finlets (Ref. 90102 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found near the surface in coastal waters (Ref. 30573 ), in small schools. They feed on fishes (Ref. 5213 ). Dorsal and anal fins may carry toxins (Ref. 12484 ). Generally marketed fresh, may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 12484 )

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.5 - 28.7, mean 27.8 (based on 381 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00666 - 0.01087), b=2.88 (2.81 - 2.95), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies. Generation time: 1.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.98). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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