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Scomberomorus commerson (Lacépède, 1800)
SPANISH MACKEREL
Albacore; Banded Tuna; Doggie; Giant Mackerel; Kingfish; Leaping Tuna; Macko; Narrow-banded Spanish-mackerel; Narrow-bar; Narrow-barred Mackerel; Narrow-barred Spanish Mackerel; Narrowedbarred Mackerel; Narrowedbarred Spanish Mackerel; Snook; Spaniard; Tanguigue; Cybium commerson Lacépède, 1800; Cybium commersonii Lacépède, 1800; Scomberomorus commersonii Lacépède, 1800; Scomber commerson Lacépède, 1800

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scombridae   Scomberomorus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ac7f7f9a-ee61-4cba-9f26-58a365d38519 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ac7f7f9a-ee61-4cba-9f26-58a365d38519
&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 read timeout https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ac7f7f9a-ee61-4cba-9f26-58a365d38519

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Scombridae  
 Genus Scomberomorus  
  Scomberomorus commerson    (Lacepède, 1800) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Cibium commersonii Cybium commersoni Cybium commersonii Cybium konam Cybium multifasciatum Scomber commerson Scomber commersonii Scomber maculosus Scomberomorous commerson Scomberomorus commercon Scomberomorus commersoni details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body elongate, strongly compressed. Snout much shorter than rest of head; posterior part of maxilla exposed, reaching to a vertical from hind margin of eye; sharp, compressed, triangular teeth in upper and lower jaws; patches of fine teeth on palatines and vomer; no teeth on tongue. Gill rakers on first gill arch few: 0 to 2 on upper limb; 1 to 8 on lower limb; 1 to 8 total. First dorsal fin with XV to XVIII spines; second dorsal with 15 to 20 rays, followed by 8 to 10 finlets; anal fin with 16 to 21 rays followed by 8 to 9 finlets; pectoral fin rays 21 to 24. Lateral line abruptly bent downward below end of second dorsal fin. Body silvery grey marked with transverse vertical bars of a darker grey; bars narrow and slightly wavy, sometimes breaking up into spots ventrally; cheeks and lower jaw silvery white; first dorsal fin bright blue rapidly fading to blackish blue; pectoral fin light grey turning to blackish blue; caudal fin lobes, second dorsal, anal, and dorsal and anal finlets pale greyish white turning to dark grey. Juveniles have the anterior membranes of the first dorsal jet black contrasting with pure white posteriorly. 
Habitat: Distributed from near edge of continental shelf to shallow coastal waters, often of low salinity and high turbidity. Also found in drop-offs, and shallow or gently sloping reef and lagoon waters. Known to undertake lengthy long-shore migrations, but perma 
Distribution: Widespread throughout the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and South Africa to Southeast Asia, north to China and Japan and south to southeast Australia, and to Fiji. Immigrant to the eastern Mediterranean Sea by way of the Suez Canal. Southeast Atlantic: S 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried-salted, frozen, smoked, and canned; commonly made into fish balls. 
Name Code: 382495
  IUCN Red List:NT       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scomberomorus&speciesname=commerson ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scomberomorus&speciesname=commerson
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Scomberomorus&speciesname=commerson ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Scomberomorus-commerson.html
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède , 1800)

Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scomberomorus commerson   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Scomberomorus commerson (Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel) Scomberomorus commerson
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 10 - 70 m (Ref. 12260 ).   Tropical; 39°N - 41°S, 7°W - 180°E (Ref. 54880 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa to Southeast Asia, north to China and Japan and south to southeast Australia, and to Fiji (Ref. 6390 ). Immigrant to the eastern Mediterranean Sea by way of the Suez Canal. Southeast Atlantic: St. Helena.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 85.0 , range 55 - 82 cm
Max length : 240 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5765 ); common length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450 ); max. published weight: 70.0 kg (Ref. 5765 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-20; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 16 - 21; Vertebrae : 42 - 46. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body elongate (depth 4.8-5.6 in SL), moderately strongly compressed; upper jaw reaching to posterior margin of eye or slightly beyond; teeth in jaws strong and compressed; gill rakers of first gill arch 0-2 on upper limb and 1-8 on lower limb, total 1-8; 2 dorsal fins, D1 XV-XVIII and D2 15-20, followed by 8-11 finlets; anal fin originating below midpoint of second dorsal fin, with 16-21 soft rays, followed by 7-12 finlets; lateral line abruptly bent downward below end of second dorsal fin. Colour of back iridescent blue-grey, sides silver with bluish reflections, marked with numerous thin, wavy vertical bands; number of bars increases from as few as 20 in a 40 cm specimen to as many as 65 at 150 cm; juveniles frequently spotted (Ref. 9684 , 90102 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A pelagic fish, inhabiting near edge of continental shelf to shallow coastal waters, often of low salinity and high turbidity (Ref. 30199 , 48637 ); also found in drop-offs, and shallow or gently sloping reef and lagoon waters (Ref. 1602 , 48637 ). Feed primarily on small fishes like anchovies, clupeids, carangids, also squids and penaeoid shrimps. Usually hunts solitary and often swim in shallow water along coastal slopes (Ref. 48637 ). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769 ). Caught mainly with drift gill nets, bamboo stake traps, midwater trawls, and by trolling. Marketed mainly fresh; also dried-salted; commonly made into fish balls (Ref. 9684 ), frozen, smoked, and canned (Ref. 9987 ). A lipid-soluble toxin, similar to ciguatoxin has been found in the flesh of specimens caught on the east coast of Queensland, Australia. Known to undertake lengthy long-shore migrations, but permanent resident populations also seem to exist.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Depending on temperature regime, the spawning season may be more or less extended. In Australian waters, each female spawns several times over the season, about 2 to 6 days apart (Ref. 30196 ), depending on the locality. Spanish mackerel spawn off the reef slopes and edges, and they form spawning aggregations in specific areas (Ref. 6390 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen , 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Near Threatened (NT)  ; Date assessed: 05 December 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 168 )




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production , species profile ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 22.8 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1324 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00594 - 0.00769), b=2.99 (2.95 - 3.03), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.12-0.21; tm=2-3; tmax=14; Fec=590,000). Prior r = 0.77, 95% CL = 0.51 - 1.15, Based on 5 stock assessments. Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily Fish Forum
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