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Scorpaena guttata Girard, 1854
CALIFORNIA SCORPIONFISH
Spotted scorpionfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scorpaenidae   Scorpaena

Scorpaena guttata
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Scorpaena guttata

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Overview
Main identification features
  • red brown - body and fins dense dark spots
  • 73-86 vertical rows scales
Head large, depressed, spiny; deep depression before and behind eye; ridge below eye normally without spines, but sometimes wiith 2-3 spines; no skin flaps on head or body; teeth on sides and front of roof of mouth; 15-19 spines on first gill arch; dorsal XII, 9; pectoral 17-19 rays, upper rays branched; anal III, 5; scales smooth, 24-26 on lateral line; 73-86 vertical rows of scales.

Body, head and fins red-brown; body densely covered with dark brown and black spots; fins with large dark spots, those on dorsal fin in 2-3 rows.

Size: 47 cm.

Habitat: rocky, sandy and rubble bottoms.

Depth: 1-183 m.

California to lower Baja, with an isolated population in the upper half of the Gulf of California.


Attributes
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap).
Depth Range Max: 183 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=37; Southern limit=25; Western limit=-122; Eastern limit=-111; Latitudinal range=12; Longitudinal range=11.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: East Pacific endemic; TEP non-endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Rocks; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Reef (rock &/or coral); Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Reef and soft bottom.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 47 cm.
Regional Endemism: California province, primarily; Continent only; Continent; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Girard, C., 1854., Observations upon a collection of Fishes made on the Pacific coast of the United States, by Liut. W. P. Trowbridge, U. S. A., for the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 7:142-156.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Pondella II, D.J., Gintert, B.E., Cobb, J.R., Allen, L.G., 2005., Biogeography of the nearshore rocky-reef fishes at the southern and Baja California islands., Journal of Biogeography, 32:187-201.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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