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Scytalichthys miurus (Jordan and Gilbert, 1882)
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Scytalichthys miurus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Scytalichthys miurus

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Scytalichthys miurus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Scytalichthys miurus
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • head flat, snake-like;eye small, at front
  • pale + large dark spots
  • tail: ~1/3 total length tip hard and finless
  • mouth large; teeth long, pointed
Cylindrical, elongate, slightly compressed; head long, snake-like; eyes small, high on head, forward of middle of mouth; snout short, flattened, overhangs long mouth; pectoral fin very small, pointed, with restricted base - opposite upper half of gill opening; front nostril a short tube, pointing down, rear nostril a hole inside mouth; gill openings crescent shaped, low on sides; teeth slender, pointed, 2 widely separated series (inner series longer) on top jaw, 1 series on front of roof of mouth, 1 series of large, well separated teeth on lower jaw; tip of tail a hard finless point; dorsal origin behind pectoral fin; head and trunk longer than tail, ~64% of total length; lateral line along body and most of tail, pores conspicuous


Pale yellow, 2 rows of large, round alternating dark spots on body, 1 along upper back, 1 (smaller spots) along lateral line; scattered small spots on sides and top of head, along lower jaw; fins all pale

Size: 97 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 10-85 m.

Southern Baja to western Panama, Cocos and the Galapagos.



Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California).
Depth Range Max: 85 m.
Depth Range Min: 10 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=29; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-81; Latitudinal range=31; Longitudinal range=34.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 97 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1896., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part I., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1-1240.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., Catalogue of the fishes collected by Mr. John Xantus at Cape San Lucas, which are now in the United States National Museum, with descriptions of eight new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):353-371.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Scytalichthys miurus (Jordan & Gilbert , 1882)

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Scytalichthys: Greek, skytale, -es = branch; cylindrical piece of wood used by Spartan army, with a paper tied around it containing orders or comunnications from the courts. It is also a kind of fish (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 85 m (Ref. 9328 ).   Tropical; 24°N - 1°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas

Updated: 2020-04-05 03:28:09 gmt
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