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Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan and Bollman, 1890)
SIDE-BLOTCH SERRANO
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Serranidae   Serranus

Serranus stilbostigma
© Copyright John McCosker, 2006 · 0
Serranus stilbostigma

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Overview
Main identification features
  • red
  • black blotch under soft d
  • flank - oblique cream bar
Preopercle regularly serrated, pelvics inserted before pectoral base; snout sharp, profile from tip of snout to dorsal origin straight; lower jaw strongly projecting; mouth reaches to under middle of eye; large (25% of head length); space between eyes convex, ridged; 9 rakers on lower arm of 1st gill arch; dorsal X,12, both sections low; anal III,7, 2nd spine strongest, ~same length as 3rd; tail concave, upper tip longer; pectorals reach to anus; scales rough, relatively large, 11 rows on cheek, 58 lateral scales.

Body red, breast orange; a few small pale spots on cheek and opercle; front of back with indistinct dark and light speckles; a square black spot on body below front of soft dorsal fin, from lateral line to bases of several rays; behind this 3 smaller black spots on top of back and dorsal base; a row of ~10 black spots along midflank under soft dorsal to tail base, with faint irregular dark spots below this row; a large oblique cream bar extends from midbelly (at level of pelvic tip) to lateral line; spiny dorsal with 3 rows dark spots separated by pale streaks, soft dorsal with several basal dark spots, and a pale medial stripe above; upper 1/2 of tail red, with a few small black spots, lower 1/2 black; outer half of anal and pelvics dark; pectoral pale.

Size: 14.5 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottom.

Depth: 80-200 m.

Galapagos and Ecuador.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 200 m.
Depth Range Min: 80 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=2; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-81; Latitudinal range=4; Longitudinal range=12.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 14.5 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Galapagos Islands endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • BÚarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Cohen , D. M. and McCosker, J. E., 1998., A new species of Bythitid fish, genus Lucifuga, from the Galßpagos Islands., Bull. Mar. Sci., 63:179-187.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Serranus stilbostigma (Jordan & Bollman , 1890)

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Jordan & Bollman .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 82 m (Ref. 58018 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Ecuador.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) , 2001. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of December 2001. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in December 2001. (Ref. 40966 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 May 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .

Entered by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. Modified by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
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