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Solegnathus hardwickii (Gray, 1830)
PALLID PIPEHORSE
Hardwick's Pipehorse; Pallid Pipefish; Syngnathus hardwickii Gray, 1830; Hardwickes Pipefish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Syngnathidae   Solegnathus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/dbc395b3-f7d4-42c5-835e-475657de3272 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/dbc395b3-f7d4-42c5-835e-475657de3272
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/dbc395b3-f7d4-42c5-835e-475657de3272 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/a08eac46-775c-46b6-ba2b-24aa08a66d2a;jsessionid=A2C9FE55DE7A84B68494F9D45AB50599
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/a08eac46-775c-46b6-ba2b-24aa08a66d2a;jsessionid=A2C9FE55DE7A84B68494F9D45AB50599 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/a08eac46-775c-46b6-ba2b-24aa08a66d2a;jsessionid=A2C9FE55DE7A84B68494F9D45AB50599
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Gasterosteiformes  
 Family Syngnathidae  
 Genus Solegnathus  
  Solegnathus hardwickii    (Gray, 1830) 
Provider: P. L. Lin 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Solegnathus hardwicki Solegnathus polyprion Solenognathus hardwickii Syngnathus hardwickii   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Fishbase(2005); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Body typically slender and elongate, without scales, encased in a series of bony rings; surfaces largely tuberculate; anterior postdorsal part of tail not oval in cross-section. Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous; inferior trunk and tail ridges continuous; lateral trunk ridge confluent with lateral and superior tail ridge. Snout long, compressed laterally,the median dorsal snout ridge poorly defined; opercle without a distinct longitudinal ridge; scutella conizal, not clearly elevated or keel-like in lateral aspect; without dermal flaps. Rings 24-26 + 53-57, darsal-fin rays 40-51, pectoral-fin rays 23-26. Superior ridges of trunk and anterior third of tail margined, dorsolateally, with dark brpwn or black. 
Habitat: Found on the continental shelf. 
Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius. Western Pacific: South China Sea north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. It is found in southwestern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: No commercial value.  
Name Code: 381126
  IUCN Red List:DD      
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Solegnathus&speciesname=hardwickii ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Solegnathus&speciesname=hardwickii
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Solegnathus&speciesname=hardwickii ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Solegnathus-hardwickii.html

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Solegnathus hardwickii (Gray , 1830)

Hardwicke's pipefish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Solegnathus hardwickii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Solegnathus hardwickii (Hardwicke\ Solegnathus hardwickii
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Solegnathus: Latin, solea = sandal (shoe) + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius. Western Pacific: South China Sea north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in the continental shelf. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205 ). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley , 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 17 May 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 17 - 27.6, mean 24 (based on 438 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00051 (0.00023 - 0.00113), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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