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Sphoeroides lispus Walker, 1996
PUFFER NAKED
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Tetraodontidae   Sphoeroides

Sphoeroides lispus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Sphoeroides lispus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • head long; between eyes wide and flat
  • back: 3 dark saddles, white dots
  • skin without spines
Naked puffer, Smooth puffer

Body oblong, thick; head relatively long and slender; wide and flat between eyes (distance between eyes at least 2.5X snout length); nasal organ a short papilla with 2 small holes at end; skin without spines; no skin flaps; dorsal 8, anal 7, pectoral 12-15; tail slightly rounded.

Light brown to grey, paler below; back with 3 dark indistinct bars - behind pectoral, under dorsal, on tail base; small white dots and streaks on upper body; dark bar between eyes; dorsal and anal, and pectoral pale; tail with dark base, dark outer 1/2 and pale margin.

Size: 35.2 cm.

Habitat: demersal on soft and rubble bottoms.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Central Baja to the Gulf of California.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=32; Southern limit=24; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-110; Latitudinal range=8; Longitudinal range=5.
Egg Type: Benthic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 35.2 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Cortez + Mexican provinces endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Nuñez-Vázquez, E.J., Yotsu-Yamashita, M., Sierra-Beltrán, A.P., Yasumoto, T., Ochoa, J.L., 2000., Toxicities and distribution of tetrodotoxin in the tisues of puffer fish found in the coast of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico., Toxicon, 38:729-734.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Walker , H. J. and Bussing, W. A., 1996., Two new pufferfishes of the genus Sphoeroides from the Eastern Pacific., Copeia, 1996:677-684.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sphoeroides lispus Walker , 1996

Naked puffer Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sphoeroides lispus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Sphoeroides lispus (Naked puffer) Sphoeroides lispus
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Sphoeroides: Greek, sphaira = ball + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 20 m (Ref. 13103 ).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: throughout the Gulf of California to Baja Magdalena.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39877 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults found in bays and over sandy bottoms, small juveniles often in more open areas over cobble or rocky bottoms (Ref. 13103 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaborators

Walker, H.J. Jr. and W.A. Bussing , 1996. Two new pufferfishes fo the genus Sphoeroides from the Eastern Pacific. Copeia 1996(3):677-684. (Ref. 13103 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 May 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 17 - 25, mean 22.4 (based on 102 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .

Entered by Casal, Christine Marie V. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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