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Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829
BLACKSPOT BARRACUDA
Big-eye Sea-pyke; Bigeye Barracuda; Black-spot Barracuda; Blotched Sea-pike

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sphyraenidae   Sphyraena


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/7a72d880-b189-4965-8713-62de1fcc1d22 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/7a72d880-b189-4965-8713-62de1fcc1d22
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Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » SCOMBROIDEI (Suborder) » SPHYRAENIDAE (Family) » Sphyraena Artedi, 1793 (Genus) » Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829

Species Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829

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CAAB : 37382005 Taxon concept Sphyraena_forsteri last modified 2014-08-07 13:57:26.75

Species Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier, 1829

Blackspot Barracuda , Big-eye Sea-pyke, Bigeye Barracuda, Black-spot Barracuda, Blotched Sea-pike


Compiler and date details

22 April 2013 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, & Matthew M. Lockett

20 December 2006 - Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese

 

Distribution

States

Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Port Hedland, WA (117º53'E) to Lindeman Island, QLD (20º21'S) and Kangaroo Island (SA); tropical, temperate, Indo-west-central Pacific.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Coral Sea Islands Territory

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coastal, inshore, marine, pelagic, schooling.

Extra Ecological Information

Near reefs.

 

General References

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies . Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. [1038]

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia . Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. [229, 347]

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Sphyraenidae. pp. 664-667 figs 582-585 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast . Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [665]

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast . Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [775]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [292]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [292]

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [252]

Senou, H. 2001. Sphyraenidae. pp. 3685-3697 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3692]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [40] (687)

 

Common Name References

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast . Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [665] ( Blackspot Barracuda )

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia . Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [287] (Big-eye Sea-pyke)

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters . Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. [284] (Black-spot Barracuda)

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [252] (Blotched Sea-pike)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Blackspot Barracuda )

Senou, H. 2001. Sphyraenidae. pp. 3685-3697 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3692] (FAO) (Bigeye Barracuda)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-May-2013 07-Aug-2014 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Last modified: Thursday, 7 August 2014 1:57:26 PM AEST

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Sphyraenidae  
 Genus Sphyraena  
  Sphyraena forsteri    Cuvier, 1829 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Callosphyraena toxeuma Sphyraena forsteni Sphyraena toxeuma   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body elongate, subcylindrical or slightly compressed. Head long, pointed, scaly on sides and posteriorly on top. Mouth nearly horizontal, large. Jaws elongate, the lower one considerably projecting; large, sharp, flattened or conical teeth of unequal size on jaws and palatines; usually 1 or 2 strong, sharp canines near tip of lower jaw. Maxilla either not reaching anterior margin of eye, or to just below anterior margin. First gill arch with many platelets, each bearing distinct small spines. Two short dorsal fins, widely separated; the first with V strong spines inserted about opposite to or behind pelvic fins; the second with I spine and 8 soft rays; anal fin with II spines and 9 soft rays; origin of pelvic fins before first dorsal-fin origin; tip of pectoral fins not reaching to first dorsal fin; caudal fin forked in all stages. Lateral-line scales 112 to 133. Body without bars and stripes; a dusky blotch present behind axil of pectoral fins; caudal fin darkish. 
Habitat: Nocturnally active, but occurring in large schools above lagoon patch reefs and along outer reef slopes during the day. Feeds mainly on fishes, but also on penaeid shrimps and squids. 
Distribution: Widespread in the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific, from East Africa to the Marquesas Islands; north to southern Japan. It is a common species in Taiwan. 
Utility: Sold fresh, frozen or dried salted. 
Name Code: 382647
  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Sphyraena&speciesname=forsteri ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sphyraena-forsteri.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sphyraena-forsteri.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Sphyraena-forsteri.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Sphyraena forsteri Cuvier , 1829

Bigeye barracuda Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Sphyraena forsteri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos     Google image Image of Sphyraena forsteri (Bigeye barracuda) Sphyraena forsteri
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 300 m (Ref. 1602 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 23°S, 36°E - 140°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Southeast Asia and the Marquesan and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 ); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9768 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 2; Anal soft rays : 9. Body elongate and sub cylindrical with small cycloid scales; head long and pointed. Mouth large and horizontal, the tip of the lower jaw protruding; intermaxilla non-protractile. Preoperculum broadly rounded. Lower limb of the first fill arch with spiny tubercles. First dorsal fin origin opposite or before the pectoral tip, the first spine shorter than the second. Color is generally blackish above and silvery below.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Nocturnally active, but occurring in large schools above lagoon patch reefs and along outer reef slopes during the day (Ref. 9768 , 48637 ). Feeds mainly on fishes, but also on penaeid shrimps and squids. Sold fresh, frozen or dried salted. Reports of ciguatera poisoning need confirmation.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Rose, J.H. , 1984. Sphyraenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 4752 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30298 )




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 19.4 - 28.2, mean 26.2 (based on 976 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00477 - 0.01153), b=2.94 (2.81 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.4   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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