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Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus, 1758)
BLACK SEABREAM
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sparidae   Spondyliosoma


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Spondyliosoma&speciesname=cantharus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Spondyliosoma&speciesname=cantharus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Spondyliosoma&speciesname=cantharus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Spondyliosoma-cantharus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus , 1758)

Black seabream Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Spondyliosoma cantharus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Spondyliosoma cantharus (Black seabream) Spondyliosoma cantharus
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Spondyliosoma: Greek, spondylos = vertebra (1667) + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 5 - 300 m (Ref. 3688 ).   Subtropical; 63°N - 20°S, 26°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Scandinavia to northern Namibia (Ref. 11228 ), including the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean and the Black Sea, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 19.7   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781 ); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781 ); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13. Body tall, with weak longitudinal stripes and no dark spots. Snout as long or longer than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over seagrass beds and rocky and sandy bottoms to about 300 m (Ref. 3688 ). Gregarious, sometimes in large schools (Ref. 3688 ). Omnivorous, feeding on seaweeds and small invertebrates, especially crustaceans (Ref. 3688 ). Protogynic hermaphrodites (Ref. 4781 ). An important food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Lays eggs on sandy bottom (Ref. 4781 ). Sex reversal occurs at approximately 24.3 cm TL in population from Algeria (Ref. 102321 ). Also Ref. 28504.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau , 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 18 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
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Fecundity
Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
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Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 7 - 17.2, mean 10.2 (based on 645 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01132 - 0.01400), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3; Fec=36,000; tm=4). Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.71, Based on 3 stock assessments. Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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