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Starksia spinipenis (Al-Uthman, 1960)
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Starksia spinipenis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia spinipenis

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Starksia spinipenis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia spinipenis
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • cream stripe - snout through eye
  • body: clusters dots form irregular bars
Dorsal rays XIX to XXI, 8-10; anal rays II, 6-19; total (right and left) pectoral rays 27-30 (usually 28); lateral-line scales 38-42; a short, unbranched cirrus on each nostril, above eye, and on each side of nape; teeth of jaws conical, curved, and pointed; roof of mouth with teeth only at front; first anal spine of males separate from anal fin and modified as intromittent organ; tip of male genital papilla extending beyond fleshy tip of second anal spine.

Head reddish to yellowish; body whitish with numerous clusters of brown spots forming irregular bars; a narrow cream stripe from snout through top of eye, another through lower eye; fins uncolored, except base of dorsal fin with a row of dark spots

Size: grows to 6.5 cm.

The most common member of the genus in the Gulf where is occurs in shallow sand-weed areas.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Gulf of California to southern Mexico.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=31; Southern limit=16; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-96; Latitudinal range=15; Longitudinal range=19.
Egg Type: Live birth; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 6.5 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Cortez + Mexican provinces endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Al-Uthman,., 1960., Revision of the Pacific forms of the tribe Starksiidi., Tex. J. Sci., 12:163-175.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. and Taylor, L.R., 1971., The Pacific species of the clinid fish tribe Starksiini., Pac. Sci., 25:436-463.
  • Stepien , C.A. , Dixon , M.T. and Hillis, D.M., 1993., Evolutionary relationships of the blennioid fish families Clinidae, Labrisomidae and Chaenopsidae: Congruence Between DNA Sequence and Allozyme Data., Bull. Mar. Sci., 52:496-515.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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