Seba, A. 1758.
Loccupletissimi Rerum Naturalium Thesauri
. 3. Amsterdam 212 pp.
[not seen]  [often regarded as not available since publication not binominal, but that is disputed; tentatively we follow Compagno, L.J.V. 1984.
FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World.
An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 4 Pt 1
. Rome : FAO pp. 1–249].
Lectotype SMF 3152 (probably an invalid designation), unknown locality.
Note that two names are commonly in use for this species:
(see Goto 2001). We follow Last & Stevens (2009) here.
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Port Gregory, WA (28º11´S) to Montague Island, NSW (36º15´S) and several islands of the Coral Sea; tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Timor Transition (1), Central Eastern Transition (15), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Cape Province (20), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)
FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
Body elongated, compressed, caudal slightly less than 1/2 of total length in adult, more than 1/2 in young. A small transverse mouth in front of eyes. Snout very broad rounded or truncated. Eyes laterally situated on head, without subocular pockets. Two spinless dorsal fin, the 1st dorsal fin much larger than the 2nd dorsal fin and with its origin far forward on back. Pectoral large, its outer margin little less than length of head. Sides of the body with prominent ridges, but no strong lateral keels on the caudal peduncle. Young sharks are dark brown above, yellowish below, with vertical yellow stripes and spots breaking the dorsal coloration into dark saddles.
This is a tropical inshore shark, of the continental and insular shelves of the Indo-West Pacific, that is very common on coral reefs. Oviparous, size of maximum total length possibly 354 cm. Males mature between 147-183 cm, females between 169-233. Size
Indo-West Pacific from south Africa and Red Sea to Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Kampuchea, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Japan, Australia.
This is a common shark in the indo-West Pacific, regularly taken in inshore fisheries in Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, and elsewhere where it occurs. It is usually caught in bottom trawls, gill-nets, and with longlines and other line gear.
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Using the Photos in CalPhotos
http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Stegostoma&speciesname=fasciatum ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Stegostoma&speciesname=fasciatum https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Stegostoma&speciesname=fasciatum ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Stegostoma-fasciatum.html
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to New Caledonia and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales, Australia. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref.
). Also from Persian Gulf (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 170 - ? cm
Max length : 354 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 0. Head with 5 small gill slits, the last three behind pectoral fin origin; nostril close to front of snout, with short barbels and nasoral grooves connecting them with the mouth (Ref.
).Very long caudal fin, almost as long as the rest of the body, with a deep subterminal notch but with the lower lobe hardly developed (Ref.13575,
). Yellow-brown with dark brown spots (Ref.
), young black with yellow bars (Ref.
). Adults with longitudinal skin ridges which are lacking in young (Ref.
). Juveniles smaller than about 70 cm, markedly different; dark with white bars and spots; pale ventrally (Ref.
). Pectoral fins large and broadly rounded (Ref.
A tropical inshore shark found on sand, rubble, or coral bottoms of the continental and insular shelves (Ref.
). Recorded to have entered freshwater (Ref.
). Rather sluggish at least during the day (Ref.
). Probably nocturnal, feeds mainly on mollusks, but also small bony fishes (Ref.
). Also known to eat crustaceans (crabs and shrimps) and sea snakes (Ref.
). Oviparous (Ref.
). Slow-swimming and able to squirm into narrow cracks, crevices and channel in reefs while searching for food (Ref.
). Readily kept in captivity (Ref.
). May bite when provoked (Ref.
). Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption and also for fishmeal; livers processed for vitamins; fins dried for the oriental sharkfin trade; offal utilized for fishmeal (Ref.
). Possibly reaching 354 cm TL (Ref.
). Caught in drift net intended for sharks (Ref.
). Reported from freshwater in the Philippines but needs to be confirmed (Ref.
, 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 24.2 - 28.8, mean 27.6 (based on 956 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 1.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
): Very high vulnerability (77 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Carpenter, Kent E.
Binohlan, Crispina B.
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