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Stellifer mancorensis N. Chirichigno, 1962
SMOOTH STARDRUM
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sciaenidae   Stellifer

Stellifer mancorensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Stellifer mancorensis

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Overview
Main identification features
  • body robust
  • preopercle: weakly serrated
  • a: 2nd spine short
Body oblong, moderately high, compressed; top of head wide, very cavernous, translucent, spongy to touch; wide between eyes; snout prominent; mouth below, slightly oblique; chin without barbels; angle of preoperculum without spines with soft teeth; deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal; dorsal XV, 18-19; anal II,12-13, 2nd spine thick, short (~1/2 length 1st ray); pectorals long, 17-19 rays; pelvics filamentous; tail bluntly angular; scales rough on body, smooth on breast and head, 44-47 on lateral line; soft dorsal and anal covered with small scales.

Silvery brown; median fins pale yellowish brown; pectorals clear to dark; inside mouth pale; roof of gill chamber dark - visible from outside as dark blotch.

Size: 20 cm.

Habitat: coastal bays, on mud and sand bottoms.

Depth: 1-40 m.

El Salvador to Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 40 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: zooplankton; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic worms; pelagic fish larvae; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=14; Southern limit=-5; Western limit=-89; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=19; Longitudinal range=11.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 20 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Near Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1962., Algunos peces nuevos y poco conocidos de la fauna marina del Perú., Servicio de Pesqueria Perú, Servicio de Divulgación Cientica, 17:1-29.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1990., Sistematica y Abundancia de los Peces de la Familia Sciaenidae (Pisces: Perciformes) en areas Aledañas a la Bahia de Buenaventura., Memorias del VII Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias y Tecnologías del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :413-421.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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