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Stethojulis bandanensis (Bleeker, 1851)
REDSPOT WRASSE
Banda Wrasse; Bluelined Wrasse; Dotted Rainbow-fish; Dotted Rainbowfish; Red-spot Rainbowfish; Red-spot Wrasse; Stethojulis rubromacula Scott, 1959; Julis bandanensis Bleeker, 1851; Red Shoulder Wrasse; Red-shouldered wrasse

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Stethojulis

Stethojulis bandanensis
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Stethojulis bandanensis

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Stethojulis bandanensis
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Stethojulis bandanensis
Stethojulis bandanensis
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Stethojulis bandanensis
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • initial phase - brown, yellow cheek, red pectoral axil
  • terminal phase blue-grey + 4 blue lines + red pectoral axil
Elongate, fusiform; dorsal rays IX, 11; anal rays III, 11; pectoral rays 14 or 15; lateral line with 25 pored scales; head scaleless; small incisiform teeth in jaws, none noteably enlarged, and a canine present at corner of mouth; lateral line abruptly bent.

Initial phase with numerous small white spots on upper half of side and pair of black spots on caudal fin base; terminal phase green on upper half with bright red patch above pectoral fin base and several thin blue stripes on head and upper half of body.

Size: grows to 15 cm.

Habitat: associated with rocky and coral reefs.

Depth: 0-15 m.

Widespread in the tropical Pacific Ocean from Australia to southern Japan and eastward; scattered eastern Pacific locations - the SW and SE Gulf of California, Costa Rica, western Panama, Isla del Coco, Malpelo, Clipperton and the Galapagos, Gorgona Island in Colombia.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 15 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=26; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=28; Longitudinal range=36.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 15 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Baldwin , C. C. and McCosker, J. E., 2001., Wrasses of the Galápagos Islands, with the description of a new deepwater species of Halichoeres (Perciformes: Labridae)., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(Supplement 1):89-100.
  • Bleeker,., 1851., Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van de Banda-eilanden., Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Neder. Indië, 2:225-261.
  • Bussing, W.A., 1987., Los peces de la familia Labridae de la Costa Pacífica de Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 33:81-98.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Victor , B. C. , Wellington , G. M. , Robertson , D. R. and Ruttenberg, B., 2001., The effect of the EL Niño-Southern oscilation event in the distribution of reef-associated labrid fishes in the Eastern Pacific ocean., Bull. Mar. Sci., 69:279-288.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.
  • Victor, B. C., 1986., Durtation of the planktonic larval stage of one hundred species of Pacific and Atlantic wrasses (family Labridae)., Marine Biology, 90:317-326.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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