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Symphodus melops (Linnaeus, 1758)
CORKWING WRASSE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Symphodus

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

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Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops

Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
Symphodus melops
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Symphodus melops
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphodus&speciesname=melops ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Symphodus-melops.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Symphodus melops   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Corkwing wrasse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphodus melops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Symphodus melops (Corkwing wrasse) Symphodus melops
Picture by JJPhoto

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory, usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 35388 ).   Temperate; 63°N - 28°N, 32°W - 25°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco and the Azores. Also known from the western Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 7 - 10 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742 ); common length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742 ); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 4742 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 8 - 11. A few cephalic pores (7-12) on snout. Lips with 5-7 folds. Scales on temporo-occipital surface 3-5 rows; on inter-operculum 2-3 (6-13) scales; on cheek 4-7; behind eye 1. A small dark spot on caudal peduncle. Often 5 large brown blotches near dorsal fin. Females and young: with numerous spots on body more or less longitudinally lined, some sinuous lines on head (Ref. 231 ). Coloration very variable; ground color of the male is greenish or blue while females are brownish to yellowish (Ref. 35388 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This schooling, territorial fish occurs in the littoral zone, near rocks and eel-grass beds, also in lagoons. In summer ripe females show short ovipositor. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices. Sex reversal sometimes observed. Feed on mollusks, hydroids, bryozoans, worms and various crustaceans (Ref. 4742 ). Males grow faster than females (Ref. 4742 ). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Sex reversal sometimes observed. Seaweed nest built by male among rocks or in crevices (Ref. 4742 ). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras , 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 8.8 - 17.2, mean 10.5 (based on 514 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00577 - 0.01376), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.21-0.41; tm=2-3; tmax=9). Prior r = 0.82, 2 SD range = 0.57 - 1.20, log(r) = -0.2, SD log(r) = 0.19, Based on: 2 K, 5 tgen, 1 tmax, records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Papasissi, Christine Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2018-09-24 16:07:35 gmt
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