Eastern Atlantic: throughout the Mediterranean and western part of Black Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref.
Adults are found near rocks, mainly in eel-grass beds. Adhesive eggs laid by one or more female in nest of algae built by male (Ref.
). Males grow faster than females (Ref.
). Oviparous (Ref.
Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras
, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 16.2 - 21.3, mean 18.9 (based on 124 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00535 - 0.01294), b=3.01 (2.88 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.5 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.36-0.90; tmax=4).
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Luna, Susan M.
Reyes, Rodolfo B.
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