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Symphodus tinca (Linnaeus, 1758)
EAST ATLANTIC PEACOCK WRASSE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Symphodus


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphodus&speciesname=tinca ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphodus&speciesname=tinca
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphodus&speciesname=tinca ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Symphodus-tinca.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Symphodus tinca (Linnaeus , 1758)

East Atlantic peacock wrasse Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Symphodus tinca   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 50 m.   Subtropical; 47°N - 21°N, 11°W - 42°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Spain to Morocco including the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 10.0 , range 12 - 15.2 cm
Max length : 44.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397 ); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397 ); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 4742 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found near rocks mainly in eel-grass beds, sometimes in salty lagoons. Often gregarious. Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). Nest of seaweed built and kept by male with one or more females spawning. Feed on sea urchins, ophiuroids, bivalves, shrimps and crabs (Ref. 4742 ). Rate of growth is slow (Ref. 4742 ). Undergoes sex reversal (Ref. 4742 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205 ). One male makes a nest of seaweed for one or more females to spawn in (Ref. 4742 ). Undergoes sex reversal (Ref. 4742 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras , 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 12 July 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 16.3 - 21.4, mean 18.9 (based on 116 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00838 - 0.01193), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.25-0.89(?); tm=2-3; tmax=15). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Papasissi, Christine Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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Updated: 2019-10-15 22:08:08 gmt
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