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Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker, 1860)
CHINAMANFISH
Chinaman Fish; Chinaman Snapper; Chinaman-fish; Galloper; Thread-finned Sea Perch; Thread-finned Sea-perch; Lutjanus nematophorus Bleeker, 1860; Glabrilutjanus marshalli Whitley, 1932; Paradicichthys venenatus Whitley, 1930; Symphorus taeniolatus Günther, 1872; Mesoprion nematophorus Bleeker, 1860

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Lutjanidae   Symphorus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » LUTJANIDAE (Family) » Symphorus Günther, 1872 (Genus) » Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker, 1860)

Species Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker, 1860)

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CAAB : 37346017 Taxon concept Symphorus_nematophorus last modified 2013-10-09 10:07:52.756

Species Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker, 1860)

Chinamanfish , Chinaman Fish, Chinaman Snapper, Chinaman-fish, Galloper, Thread-finned Sea Perch, Thread-finned Sea-perch

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Generic Combinations

 

Distribution

States

Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

Shark Bay (26°08'S), WA to Moreton Bay, QLD (27°25'S), also Scott Reef, WA (14°03'S); tropical, west Pacific.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Timor Transition (1), Timor Province (2), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, inshore, marine.

 

General References

Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp. [160]

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia . Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [120]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers . Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [78]

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [2918]

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia . Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [183]

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen . Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. [186]

Leis, J.M. & Bray, D.J. 1995. Larval development in the lutjanid subfamily Paradicichthyinae (Pisces): the genera Symphorus and Symphorichthys . Bulletin of Marine Science 56 (2): 418-433

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [186]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea . Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp. [69] (as Lutjanus nematophorus )

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [200]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [45] (1091)

 

Common Name References

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [2918] (FAO) ( Chinamanfish )

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes . Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. [520] (Galloper)

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia . Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [183] (Thread-finned Sea-perch)

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. [182] (Chinaman-fish, Thread-finned Sea Perch)

Roughley, T.C. 1957. Fish and Fisheries of Australia . Sydney : Angus & Robertson 341 pp. [69] (Chinaman Fish)

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [200] (Chinaman Snapper)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Chinamanfish )

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
18-Dec-2012 18-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Lutjanidae  
 Genus Symphorus  
  Symphorus nematophorus    (Bleeker, 1860) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Glabrilutjanus nematophorus Lutianus nematophorus Lutjanus nematophorus Mesoprion nematophorus Paradicichthys venenatus Symphorus forsteri Symphorus taenilatus Symphorus taeniolatus Symporichthys nematophorus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Body moderately deep, laterally compressed. Eye located well above mouth. Deep groove running obliquely downward from eye to anterior nostril or a little beyond. Nostrils on each side of snout not very close together.Mouth terminal, jawsalmost equal. Premaxillae protrusible. Maxilla reaching vertical through about middle of eye. Teeth in jaws in narrow bands, with the outer teeth enlarged; canine teeth present at anterior end of upper jaw; vomer toothless; tongue with a patch of granular teeth. Maxilla without scales or longitudinal ridges. First gill arch with 4 to 6 gill rakers on upper limb, 10 to 15 on lower limb (total 15 to 21). Dorsal fin continuous, notched slightly near junction of spinous and soft portions; with X spines and 14 to 17 soft rays; one or more anterior soft rays of dorsal fin produced into long filaments in juveniles; caudal fin emarginate. Tubed lateral-line scales 50 to 56. Juveniles whitish along lower half of the body from below eye level. Young with bright blue stripes on yellowish sides; brown back. Adults yellowish brown to reddish. Sometimes show faint vertical barring. Numerous blue lines along scale-rows that are brightest in sub-adults. 
Habitat: Inhabits coral reefs from shallow water to depths of at least 50 m. Occurs solitarily. Feeds mainly on fishes. 
Distribution: Western Pacific from Ryukyu Islands to the Indo-Australian Archipelago. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility: An excellent food fish, but in Queensland it is considered dangerous due to the chance of ciguatera poisoning. Frequently seen in markets. 
Name Code: 382143
  
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphorus&speciesname=nematophorus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphorus&speciesname=nematophorus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphorus&speciesname=nematophorus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Symphorus-nematophorus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Symphorus nematophorus (Bleeker , 1860)

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Paradicichthyinae
Etymology: Symphorus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, physis = growth body form + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 100 m (Ref. 57178 ).   Tropical; 32°N - 26°S, 98°E - 170°E (Ref. 55 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to the Indo-Australian Archipelago (Malay Peninsula to New Guinea and northern Australia).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9821 ); common length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9821 ); max. published weight: 13.2 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coral reefs, from shallow water to depths of at least 50 m. They occur singly. They feed mainly on fishes. Frequently ciguatoxic in certain areas. Sold in Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253 ). It causes ciguatera poisoning in some areas. Banned for sale in Australia. (Ref. 90102 )

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. , 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 05 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690 )




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
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References
Aquaculture
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Heritability
Diseases
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Vision

Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.2 - 28.4, mean 27.4 (based on 477 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00481 - 0.03145), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.23). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz Fish Forum
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