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Symphurus ocellaris T. A. Munro and D. R. Robertson, 2005
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cynoglossidae   Symphurus

Symphurus ocellaris
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Symphurus ocellaris

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Symphurus ocellaris
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Symphurus ocellaris

Main identification features
  • body - no bars or spots
  • tail - large ocellus
Dorsal rays 96-97; anal rays 80-81; tail with 12 rays; scales in longitudinal series 85-86.

Body pale grey-brown, without cross-bars or spots; peritoneum unpigmented; scales on eye-side with dark rear edges; dorsal and anal fins with alternating groups of dark and light rays, dark rays becoming darker towards rear of body; top lip on eye-side blackish; tail fin with a large, elongate black, white-ringed ocellus.

Size: grows to at least 8 cm.

Inhabits flat sand bottoms.

Depth: 7-24 m.

Known only from 2 specimens collected in the Gulf of ChiriquÝ, Panama.

Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 24 m.
Depth Range Min: 7 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=9; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-82; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=1; Longitudinal range=1.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: East Pacific endemic; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom only; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove).
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 8 cm.
Regional Endemism: TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; Continent only; Continent; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom;

Links to other sites

  • Munro, T.A., Robertson, D.R., 2005., Symphurus ocellaris, a new shallow-water symphurine tonguefish collected off Pacific Panama (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae)., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 118:576-581.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Symphurus ocellaris Munroe & Robertson , 2005

Ringtail tonguefish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Symphurus ocellaris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Google image Image of Symphurus ocellaris (Ringtail tonguefish) Symphurus ocellaris
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) ;   ocellaris: Name from Latin meaning eyes, refers to the distinct ocellated spot on the caudal fin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range

Updated: 2020-01-20 23:20:06 gmt
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