FishBase | Search | All Living Things


Symphurus undecimplerus Munroe and Nizinski, 1990
DARK CHEEK TONGUE
Imitator tonguefish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Cynoglossidae   Symphurus

Symphurus undecimplerus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Symphurus undecimplerus

Click on map for details about points.

IDnature guides

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • FishBase

espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • body darker at rear, 6-9 faint diffuse bars
  • dorsal fin and a: last 1/3 dark
  • c: black
  • mouth not reaching past eye
  • lower operculum: dark blotch
Body elongate, pointed at tail end, highly compressed; eyes small, close together, on left side, with covers over pupils; snout rounded; mouth, short, not reaching rear of eye, arched (strongly on blind side), at front or a little under snout; preopercle covered with skin; dorsal origin ~above upper eye, 97-105 dorsal rays; 80-87 anal rays; 11 tail rays; no pectoral; only left pelvic present, separate from anal; dorsal and anal fused to tail; scales rough, on both sides; no lateral line; 95-112 lateral scales.

Top side light to dark brown, becoming darker on rear 1/4; 6-9 diffuse crossbars, many complete, most obvious in mid-body; dorsal and anal clear, last 1/3 darker than body; tail black; dark blotch on lower mid operculum; lining of gut cavity without pigment.

Size: 15 cm.

Habitat: sand and mud bottoms.

Depth: 15-55 m.

Southern Mexico to Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 55 m.
Depth Range Min: 15 m.
Diet: mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=16; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-96; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=25; Longitudinal range=18.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 15 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • BÚarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Munroe , and Nizinski,., 1990., Symphurus melasmatotheca and S. undecimplerus (Cynoglossidae, Pleuronectiformes), two new eastern Pacific tonguefishes with eleven caudal-fin rays., Copeia, 1990:985-996.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphurus&speciesname=undecimplerus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphurus&speciesname=undecimplerus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Symphurus&speciesname=undecimplerus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Symphurus-undecimplerus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Symphurus undecimplerus Munroe & Nizinski , 1990

Dark cheek tongue Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Symphurus undecimplerus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Symphurus undecimplerus (Dark cheek tongue) Symphurus undecimplerus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335 ) ;   undecimplerus: Named derived from the Latin 'undecim' meaning eleven, and 'pleurus' meaning many or most, referring to the 11 caudal fin rays and high meristic values when compared to S. melasmatotheca .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 17 - 56 m (Ref. 9294 ), usually 20 - 40 m (Ref. 9294 ).   Tropical; 16°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9294 ); common length : 12.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9294 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 97-105; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 80 - 87; Vertebrae : 52 - 56

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Probably taken as bycatch of trawl fisheries (Ref. 9294 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A., F. Krupp and M. Schneider , 1995. Cynoglossidae. Lenguas, lenguetas. p. 1039-1059. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9294 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 29 April 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 21.2 - 29, mean 27.2 (based on 44 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00569 - 0.02662), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : Stockholm, Sweden Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 2.8700 seconds

Updated: 2019-05-26 09:17:02 gmt
FishBase | Search | All Living Things | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation