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Symphyotrichum puniceum L.
RED-STALK ASTER
Aster puniceus; Purplestem aster; Bristly aster; Purple-stemmed aster

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Symphyotrichum

Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-Stemmed Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-Stemmed Aster

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Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stalked Aster

Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stemmed Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 4
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stemmed Aster
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stemmed Aster
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 4
Symphyotrichum puniceum, Bristly Purple-stemmed Aster

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Perdita octomaculata @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Apidae  Bombus vagans @ UCRC_ENT (6)
Megachilidae  Megachile relativa @ UCRC_ENT (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) Löve & Löve var. puniceum ( Aster puniceus var. puniceus ) Bristly Aster
(Purple-stemmed Aster) Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Big Pond area
September 2001 Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Tweed's Park
September 2008 Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Stroud Preserve (PA)
September 2013

Search Google Delaware USDA

Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SYPU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SYPU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SYPU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SYPU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SYPU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SYPU
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Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve
purplestem aster

Image of Symphyotrichum puniceum

General Information
Symbol: SYPU
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Subshrub
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Symphyotrichum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Symphyotrichum Nees – aster
Species Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve – purplestem aster

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Symphyotrichum puniceum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Symphyotrichum puniceum</i>
(L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve var. <i>
puniceum </i>
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
purplestem aster Distribution of <i>
Symphyotrichum puniceum</i>
(L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve var. <i>
scabricaule</i>
(Shinners) G.L. Nesom
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. scabricaule
purplestem aster

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SYPU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SYPU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SYPU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 20 Page 472, 476, 501, 502, 521, 524 , 525, 526 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Symphyotrichum

56. Symphyotrichum puniceum (Linnaeus) Á. Löve & D. Löve, Taxon. 31: 359. 1982.

Purplestem or swamp or red-stemmed aster, aster ponceau

Aster puniceus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 875. 1753

Perennials (7—)100—250(—300) cm, cespitose; thickly short-rhizom­atous or with stout, branched caudices, sometimes long-rhizom­atous. Stems 1—5+, erect (straight to distally flexuous, stout 5—11 mm diam., usually reddish purple), usually densely to sparsely hirsute or hispid, glabrescent, often proximally glabrate, sometimes glabrate. Leaves (dark green, not crowded) thin, margins remotely serrate to sometimes entire, scabrous, apices acute or acuminate to subcaudate, mucronate, abaxial faces glabrate, ± densely pilose along midveins, adaxial glabrate to scabrous; basal withering by flowering, subpetiolate to petiolate (petioles ± winged, bases dilated, sheathing), blades spatulate to oblanceolate or lanceolate, 30—10+ × 3—20+ mm, bases attenuate to cuneate, margins remotely crenate-serrate to denticulate or entire, apices acute or acuminate to rounded; proximal cauline withering by flowering, petiolate to subpetiolate (petioles widely winged, bases auriculate, clasping), blades lanceolate or oblanceolate to oblong, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, (55—)70—200(—220) × 10—40 mm, usually progressively lengthened to mid, bases ± attenuate to cuneate or auriculate and clasping; distal sessile, blades oblanceolate or lanceolate to oblong or elliptic-oblong (sometimes nearly panduriform), 8—160 × 1—40 mm, progressively reduced distally, strongly so and linear in arrays, bases ± strongly auriculate, clasping, margins subentire or entire. Heads in open, paniculiform (often corymbiform-looking) arrays, branches widely spreading to ascending, sparsely to moderately leafy with ± large leaves. Peduncles 0.2—3+ cm, ± hispid or hirsute to villous, bracts 0—3, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate to linear, distal often subtending heads. Involucres campanulate, (6—)8—12(—15) mm. Phyllaries in 4—6 series, oblanceolate-spatulate to linear, subequal, bases indurate 1 / 5 — 1 / 2 , margins not scarious (outer) to narrowly scarious, erose, hyaline, sparsely ciliolate, green zones linear-lanceolate, outer sometimes ± foliaceous, to linear (inner), apices ± spreading at tip when foliaceous, long-acuminate to caudate, mucronate to apiculate, sometimes purplish tinged, faces glabrous or ± hispid. Ray florets 20—50(—60); corollas usually pale to dark blue, lavender or purple, seldom white or pink, laminae (7—)12—18(—21) × (0.9—)1.4—1.8 mm. Disc florets 30—50 (—90); corollas yellow or cream becoming pink or purple, (4.1—)5—6.5 mm, tubes shorter than cylindro-funnelform limbs, lobes triangular, 0.4—1.1 mm. Cypselae purple or brown (nerves stramineous), oblanceoloid, ± falcate, compressed, (2—)2.5—3.5(—4) mm, 3—4-nerved (nerves prominent), faces glabrous or sparsely strigillose; pappi white, 3.8—6 mm.

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora): e North America.

Symphyotrichum puniceum is one of the widest ranging species in the genus, growing from the edges of the prairies to the Atlantic coast, and from the Gulf coast of Texas to southern Ungava Bay (northern Quebec).

Several taxa have been recognized within this variable species. Here, we segregate Symphyotrichum firmum as a distinct entity. The tall, pink-rayed S. elliottii of the outer coastal plains is also distinctive, despite reports of hybrids with S. puniceum var. puniceum where their ranges overlap (see G. L. Nesom 1997b). A recently described member of the complex, S. rhiannon , is an ultramafic endemic from North Carolina. Here, within S. puniceum , we recognize two varieties, the variable and widespread var. puniceum , and var. scabricaule from the inner Gulf coastal plains, following Nesom, who also offered a useful summary of the infraspecific taxonomy of the species.

SELECTED REFERENCE

Nesom, G. L. 1997b. The status of Aster scabricaulis (Asteraceae: Astereae), an endemic of the Gulf coastal plain. Phytologia 82: 300—315.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Symphyotrichum+puniceum+var.+puniceum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Symphyotrichum+puniceum+var.+puniceum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 33
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0437 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0438 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0439 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0440 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0441 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0258 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0259 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0260 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0261 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1247 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1248 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1249 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1250 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1251 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1252 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1253 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1254 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1255 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1256 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1257 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1258 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1259 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1260 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Swamp Aster
ID: 0000 1111 1234 1261 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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