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Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman, 1899)
ANTLER DRAGONET
Blacklip Dragonet; Sleepy dragonet

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Callionymidae   Synchiropus

Synchiropus atrilabiatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Synchiropus atrilabiatus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • large eyes on top pointed head;mouth protrusible
  • 1st dorsal fin : iv, rear ocellus
  • c: pointed
  • preopercle: large, curved, hooked spine
  • reddish
  • anal fin black stripe
Body elongate; no scales; depressed head with pointed snout; eyes large, on top of head; top jaw protrusible; no teeth on upper jaw, 1 row simple teeth on lower jaw; large preopercular spine with 2-hooked tip; gill openings small, on shoulder; 2 dorsal fins, first with flexible spines; anal fin without spines; lateral line a series of pores; pelvic fin origin just before pectorals; dorsal IV, 8-9; anal 7-8 rays; pectoral 18-23 rays; pelvic I, 5; in male dorsal spines decrease in size from front to rear, are equal sized in the female; tail long, pointed.

Upper body and head light brown to yellowish, numerous small dark blotches; belly cream; fins dusky; spinous dorsal with dark oval blotch between last 2 spines; tail, pelvic and pectoral with bands of small spots; anal fin white, a broad black band near outer edge, margin white; margin of top jaw black.

Size: 12 cm.

Habitat: sand, mud, and rubble.

Depth: 3-235 m, usually deeper than ~40 m.

Southern California to the mouth of the Gulf of California to Peru, the Galapagos and Cocos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California).
Depth Range Max: 235 m.
Depth Range Min: 3 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic worms.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=-6; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=39; Longitudinal range=40.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 12 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Böhlke , and Cohen,., 1957., The eastern Pacific species of Callionymus., Copeia, 1957:159-160.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1991., Nuevos registros de peces mesopelágicos y bentónicos en el Golfo de California, México., Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas de Mexico, 35:71-89.
  • De la Cruz , J. , Galvan , F. , Abitia , L. A. , Rodriguez , J. and Gutierrez, F. J., 1994., Lista sistematica de los peces marinos de Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico). Systematic List of marine fishes from Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico)., Ciencias Marinas, 20:17-31.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fricke, R., 1981., Revision of the genus Synchiropus (Teleostei: Callionymidae)., J. Cramer.:194pp.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lea, R.N. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 2000., Observations on fishes associated with the 1997-1998 El Niño off California., CalCOFL Rep., 41:117-129.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Rodríguez-Romero, J., Abitia-Cardenas, L.A., Aguilar-Palomino, B., 1993., Range extension and first record of some marine fish in Baja California, Mexico., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 41:917-919.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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