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Taractes rubescens (Jordan &. Evermann, 1887)
KNIFETAIL POMFRET
Steinegeria rubescens Jordan and Evermann, 1887; Keeltail Pomfret

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Bramidae   Taractes

Taractes rubescens
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Taractes rubescens

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Overview
Main identification features Head and body compressed; snout pointed; head profile straight, oblique; top jaw bone exposed, large, scaly; mouth at front, strongly oblique; eye large; between eyes flat to concave; dorsal originates over pectoral, low, with large pointed lobe at front; anal low, with longer, pointed front lobe; tail deeply concave, with large, long keel made of fused scales on its base; pectoral low on body, long, reaches past lobe of anal fin; pelvics small, inserted just before pectoral base; scales large, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw, scaleless areas above and behind eye; dorsal & anal fins scaly; dorsal 30-32 rays; anal 21-23 rays; pectoral 19-22 rays; 9-11 rakers on 1st gill arch; adults without lateral line; juveniles with very long fins.

Black body and fins, white crescent on tail, white on tail keel, pectorals and inner rays of pelvic.

Size: 80 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic.

Depth: 0-400 m.

Pacific and Atlantic; Costa Rica to Peru, the Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ).
Depth Range Max: 400 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: Pelagic crustacea; bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=10; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=19; Longitudinal range=15.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Bentho-Pelagic.
Global Endemism: East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); All Pacific (West + Central + East); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Water column.
Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 80 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1887., Description of six new species of fishes from the Gulf of Mexico, with notes on other species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 9:466-476.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1896., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part I., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1-1240.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Updated: 2022-07-04 00:03:32 gmt
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