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Tautoga onitis (Linnaeus, 1758)
TAUTOG
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Tautoga


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Tautoga&speciesname=onitis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Tautoga&speciesname=onitis
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Tautoga&speciesname=onitis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Tautoga-onitis.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Tautoga onitis (Linnaeus , 1758)

Tautog Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
Reviewed map
Tautoga onitis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Tautoga onitis (Tautog) Tautoga onitis
Picture by Flescher, D.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Tautoga: Plural of the word "taut", an Indian Brazil name translated by Roger William from f the Narragansett, "tautauog" = sheepshead .  More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 75 m.   Subtropical; 46°N - 31°N, 81°W - 58°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: slightly east of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada to South Carolina in USA; most abundant between Cape Cod and Delaware Bay.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 18 - 26.5 cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251 ); max. published weight: 11.3 kg (Ref. 40637 ); max. reported age: 34 years (Ref. 6486 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 16 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 7 - 8. Distinguished from Tautogolabrus adspersus which occurs in the same area and further north, by its steep, rounded dorsal head profile; stouter body; scaled lower gill cover; and the more backward location of the pelvic fins.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found close to shore on hard-bottom habitats, occasionally entering brackish water. Adult male territorial and active during the day to feed and rests in crevices at night. Prefers temperatures above 10°C. Spawning was noted in June-July in Canadian waters, but appears more protracted (April-July) in coastal waters of Virginia, USA. Feeds mainly on mussels, gastropods, other mollusks and crustaceans. This species has gained popularity as a prized food and sport fish (Ref. 6486 , 4926 , 41297 ). Investigation on the diel and seasonal activity patterns of the adult tautog in its southern range were conducted using ultrasonic telemetry (Ref. 41297 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawns in groups or in pairs. Pairing occurs between females and size-dominant males exhibiting strong territoriality and performing a protracted courtship (Ref. 6488 ). Gonochorism is confirmed for this species (Ref. 103751 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Leim, A.H. and W.B. Scott , 1966. Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. (155):485 p. (Ref. 4926 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Vulnerable (VU)  (A2bd); Date assessed: 12 July 2008

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
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Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 5.3 - 22.8, mean 10.9 (based on 96 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00844 - 0.02258), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.47 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.09; tm=2-3; tmax=34). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Very high .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. Fish Forum
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