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Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger, 1884)
Trichiurus cristatus Klunzinger, 1884

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Trichiuridae   Tentoriceps

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Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » SCOMBROIDEI (Suborder) » TRICHIURIDAE (Family) » Tentoriceps Whitley, 1948 (Genus) » Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger, 1884)

Species Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger, 1884)


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB : 37440006 Taxon concept Tentoriceps_cristatus last modified 2013-10-15 10:57:47.749

Species Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger, 1884)

Crested Hairtail

Compiler and date details

9 May 2012 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, & John R. Paxton & Matthew M. Lockett

20 December 2006 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & John R. Paxton


Generic Combinations




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Cape Cuvier, WA (24°13'S), to Gulf of Carpentaria, QLD, and north of Townsville, (17°55'S), to east of Ulladulla, NSW (36°16'S); tropical, Indo-west Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Benthopelagic, coastal, continental shelf, marine, pelagic.


General References

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia . Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. [259]

Nakamura, I. & Parin, N.V. 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae) . An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the Snake Mackerels, Snoeks, Escolars, Gemfishes, Sackfishes, Domine, Oilfish, Cutlassfishes, Scabbardfishes, Hairtails, and Frostfishes known to date. Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 15. Rome : FAO 136 pp. 200 figs. [102]

Nakamura, I. & Parin, N.V. 2001. Gempylidae, Trichiuridae. pp. 3698-3720 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3714]

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [274]

Tucker, D.W. 1956. Studies on the trichiuroid fishes — 3. A preliminary revision of the family Trichiuridae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 4 (3): 73-130 figs 1-23 pl. 10 [110]


Common Name References

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia . Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [274] ( Crested Hairtail )

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. ( Crested Hairtail )


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-May-2013 15-May-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Last modified: Tuesday, 15 October 2013 10:57:47 AM AEDT

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Trichiuridae  
 Genus Tentoriceps  
  Tentoriceps cristatus    (Klunzinger, 1884) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Pseudoxymetopon sinensis Trichiurus cristatus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body extremely elongate and strongly compressed, ribbon-like, tapering to a point. Dorsal profile of head evenly convex; mouth large with a dermal process at tip of each jaw; lower hind margin of gill cover convex; eye very large situated laterally, its diameter 5 or 6 times in head length; 2 or 3 fangs in upper and 2 fangs in lower jaw, a single series of sharp compressed lateral teeth in both jaws. A single, long-based, dorsal fin with V spines and 126 to 144 soft rays; anal fin represented by I minute first spine and I scale-like second spine, situated below 47th to 50th soft dorsal-fin ray, reduced to minute spinules buried in skin thereafter; pectoral fins short, not reaching lateral line; pelvic fins present but reduced to scale-like processes; caudal fin absent, posterior part of body tapering to a point. Lateral line running almost straight mid-lateral, or slightly nearer ventral than dorsal contour. In fresh specimens, body silvery white becoming silvery grey with dark cloud-like patches after death; each jaw, dorsal and anal-fin bases sooty. 
Habitat: Benthopelagic or pelagic in coastal waters but not found where there is low salinity. Feeds mainly on small fishes, squids and crustaceans. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea, Mozambique channel, Saya- de Malha Bank, Chagos Islands, Andaman Sea, Northwest and North Australia, South China Sea, East China Sea, Tasman Sea, Philippines, Taiwan and southern Japan. It is mainly foun 
Utility: Marketed fresh and dried salted in the Philippines. 
Name Code: 382663
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger , 1884)

Crested hairtail Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Tentoriceps cristatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Tentoriceps cristatus (Crested hairtail) Tentoriceps cristatus
Picture by CSIRO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Trichiuridae (Cutlassfishes) > Trichiurinae
Etymology: Tentoriceps: Latin, tentorium = tent + Latin, ceps = head .  More on author: Klunzinger .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 30 - 110 m (Ref. 9688 ).   Tropical; 37°N - 43°S, 33°E - 157°E (Ref. 6181 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Mozambique Channel, Saya de Malha Bank, Chagos Islands, Andaman Sea, northern and southeastern Australia, South China Sea, East China Sea, Tasman Sea, Philippines, and southern Japan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6181 ); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6181 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 126-144; Anal spines : 2; Anal soft rays : 47 - 50. Body extremely elongate, compressed and tapering to a point. Pelvic fins reduced to scale-like processes; caudal fin absent. Lateral line running almost straight mid laterally nearer the ventral than the dorsal contour. Color is silvery white becoming silvery gray with dark cloud-like patches after death.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Benthopelagic or pelagic in coastal waters but not found where there is low salinity. Feeds mainly on small fishes, squids and crustaceans. Caught mainly with bottom trawls and sometimes with bag nets, mixed with other trichiurid fishes in southeast Asian countries. Marketed fresh and dried salted in the Philippines.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Parin, Nikolay V. | Collaborators

Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin , 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 22.5 - 28.3, mean 27.2 (based on 500 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00191 (0.00078 - 0.00466), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.2   ±0.58 se; Based on food items. Generation time: 3.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
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