Body very elongate; bill very short, usually less than 15% of total length; high front dorsal rays form triangular peak, most of remaining part of fin relatively high; height of anterior lobe of first dorsal fin exceeding greatest body depth; first dorsal fin rays 45-50; second dorsal fin rays 6-7; first anal fin rays 12-15; second anal fin rays 6-8; pectoral rays 17-19, fin short; pelvic fins slender, filamentous, about twice the length of the pectorals.
Dark blue dorsally, blue blotched with brown laterally, and silvery white ventrally, without dots or bars; first dorsal fin dark blue; remaining fins dark brown.
Size: to 240 cm; and at least 33.8 kg..
Habitat: oceanic, pelagic.
Depth: 0-1830 m.
Tropical and temperate Indo-Pacific, entering eastern Atlantic (via Cape of Good Hope) but not spawning there. California to the mouth of the Gulf of California to Peru and the oceanic islands.
Attributes Abundance: Common. Cites: Not listed. Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos). Depth Range Max: 1830 m. Depth Range Min: 0 m. Diet: bony fishes; octopus/squid/cuttlefish; Pelagic crustacea. Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=50; Southern limit=-30; Western limit=-126; Eastern limit=-71; Latitudinal range=80; Longitudinal range=55. Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva. Feeding Group: Carnivore. FishBase Habitat: Pelagic. Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species. Habitat: Water column. Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only. IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed. Length Max: 240 cm. Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species. Residency: Resident. Salinity: Marine; Marine Only. Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;
Briggs, J.C., 1960., Fishes of worldwide (circumtropical) distribution., Copeia, 1960:171-180.
Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo . Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
Grove , J.S. and Lavenberg, R. J., 1997., The fishes of the Galápagos islands., Stanford University Press:863 pp.
Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
Joseph , J. , Klawe , W. and Murphy, P., 1988., Tuna and Billfish - fish without a country., Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission:69.
Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
Nakamura,., 1985., Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO species catalogue Vol. 5., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 125.
Tanaka, S., 1915., Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan including Riukiu Islands, Bonin Islands, Formosa, Kurile Islands, Korea and southern Sakhalin., Fig. Descr. Fish. Japan, 19:319-342.
Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Adelaide, SA to Northwest Shelf, WA, and off northern Great Barrier Reef QLD to eastern Bass Strait, VIC, oceanic species rarely entering coastal waters; tropical, subtropical, temperate, Indo-Pacific, occasionally found in eastern Atlantic.
Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northwest Province (4), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7), Southern Province (8)
The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
The body is elongated and fairly compressed. Bill very short and slender usually less than 15% of body length, round in cross section. Nape nearly straight. Pectoral fins narrow and short and less than 15% of body length. Pelvic fins slender about twice the length of the pectorals. Caudal peduncle fairly compressed (laterally) and slightly depressed (dorsoventrally) with double keels on each side and a shallow notch on both the dorsal and ventral surfaces. Lateral line single and well visible. Body dark blue dorsally, blue splattered with brown laterally, and silvery white ventrally, without dots and stripes. First dorsal fin dark blue, without dots or blotches; remaining fins brown or dark brown; bases of first and second anal fins often tinged with silvery white.
The shortbill spearfish is an oceanic and pelagic fish which does not generally occur in coastal or enclosed waters but is fount well offshore. Spawning is believed to occur mainly during the winter month, especially in warm offshore currents with surface
The shortbill spearfish is highly migratory species, occurred mainly in the tropical, subtropical and temperate waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans and is thought to be strong oceanic, rarely entering coastal waters. Although some stray individuals ar
Marketed frozen and prepared as fish cakes and sashimi in Japan. Also prepared as sausages.
http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Tetrapturus&speciesname=angustirostris ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Tetrapturus&speciesname=angustirostris https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Tetrapturus&speciesname=angustirostris ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Tetrapturus-angustirostris.html
Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate waters. Although some stray individuals are found in the Atlantic Ocean, this species is believed to have its spawning grounds and principal populations only in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 230 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); common length : 190 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. published weight: 52.0 kg (Ref.
Oceanic and epipelagic, found above the thermocline (Ref.
). Feeds on fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. Also caught as a by-catch of long lines with hooks intended for tuna. Marketed frozen and prepared as fish cakes and sashimi in Japan (Ref.
). Also prepared as sausages.
, 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65p. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 13.9 - 28.8, mean 26.2 (based on 5116 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5630 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00226 - 0.00924), b=3.21 (3.02 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 4.5 ±0.76 se; Based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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