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Thryssa dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1848)
DUSSUMIERS THRYSSA
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Engraulidae   Thryssa


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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Clupeiformes  
 Family Engraulidae  
 Genus Thryssa  
  Thryssa dussumieri    (Valenciennes, 1848) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Engraulis auratus Engraulis dussumieri Scutengraulis dussumieri Thrissa dussumieri Thrissocles dussumieri   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 中國動物誌-鱘形目; 海鰱目; 鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)
Character: Body compressed, belly with usually 15 or 16 (rarely 14) prepelvic and 6 to 9 (usually 7 or 8) postpelvic scutes; total number of scutes 21 to 24 (usually 22 or 23) keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla very long, reaching at least halfway along pectoral fin and to pelvic fin base in adults; first supra-maxilla absent; lower jaw slender. Lower gill rakers on first gill arch 17 to 19 (rarely 20); with serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps. Dorsal-fin origin slightly anterior to body midpoint. Anal fin relatively long, with iii unbranched and 29 to 37 (usually 31 to 35) branched fin rays, its origin just posterior to vertical through base of posteriormost dorsal-fin ray. A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening, sometimes joined to dark saddle on nape. 
Habitat: Presumably schooling, mostly inshore and perhaps tolerating estuarine conditions. Feeds on diatoms when young and prawn larvae, copepods and cypris when larger. 
Distribution: Broadly distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, from coasts of Pakistan, India, Myanmar and south of Penang; apparently not yet found in Gulf of Oman or the Persian Gulf; Malaysia, Indonesia north to Taiwan, no records from Papua N 
Utility: Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish meal, fish sauce, or fish balls. 
Name Code: 380982
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Thryssa&speciesname=dussumieri ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Thryssa&speciesname=dussumieri
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Thryssa&speciesname=dussumieri ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Thryssa-dussumieri.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Thryssa dussumieri (Valenciennes , 1848)

Dussumier's thryssa Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Thryssa dussumieri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Thryssa dussumieri (Dussumier\ Thryssa dussumieri
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Thryssa: Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Valenciennes .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189 ).   Tropical; 27°N - 7°S, 61°E - 121°E (Ref. 189 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: coasts of Pakistan, India, Myanmar and south of Penang; apparently not yet found in Gulf of Oman nor in the Persian Gulf; Malaysia, Indonesia north to Taiwan, no records from Papua New Guinea or northern coasts of Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 29 - 37. Belly with 21 to 24 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla very long, reaching at least halfway along pectoral fin and to pelvic fin base in adults; first supra-maxilla absent; lower jaw slender. gill rakers with serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps. A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening, sometimes joined to dark saddle on nape.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Coastal pelagic (Ref. 68964 ). Presumably schooling, mostly inshore and perhaps tolerating estuarine conditions. Feeds on diatoms when young and prawn larvae, copepods and cypris when larger. The number of museum specimens suggest that it is fairly common (but not in Bombay waters).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski , 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 17 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 25 - 29.2, mean 28.6 (based on 716 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00367 - 0.01188), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.8   ±0.21 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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