pectoral: very long (passes 2nd dorsal fin ), tip straight
Two small keels on tail base, separated by a third, large keel; no adipose eyelid; teeth slender, conical; well developed scaly corselet on anterior body, body with small scales behind corselet; tongue with cartilaginous ridges; deep body, with greatest depth at origin of second dorsal fin; dorsal and anal fins with ~9 and ~8 anal finlets behind them; pectoral very long (reaches well past D2 base) and with straight point; second dorsal fin lower than first; 25-31 rakers on first gill arch.
Faint iridescent blue stripe along flank; first dorsal deep yellow; second dorsal and anal light yellow; anal finlets dark grey; tail grey, with white rear border.
Size: 152 cm.
Depth: 0-600 m.
Circumglobal, temperate; California to the tip of Baja California and the Revillagigedos, the Galapagos and to southern Peru.
Attributes Abundance: Common. Cites: Not listed. Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Antitropical (North and South temperate); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo). Depth Range Max: 600 m. Depth Range Min: 0 m. Diet: bony fishes; Pelagic crustacea; octopus/squid/cuttlefish. Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=33; Southern limit=-9; Western limit=-118; Eastern limit=-79; Latitudinal range=42; Longitudinal range=39. Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva. Feeding Group: Carnivore. FishBase Habitat: Pelagic. Global Endemism: Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans); East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West); East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West); All Pacific (West + Central + East); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species. Habitat: Water column. Inshore Offshore: Offshore; Offshore Only. IUCN Red List: Data deficient; Listed. Length Max: 152 cm. Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species. Residency: Vagrant. Salinity: Marine; Marine Only. Water Column Position: Mid Water; Near Surface; Surface; Water column only;
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The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)
Body fusiform, elongate, and slightly compressed. Teeth small and conical, in a single series. Gill rakers 25 to 31 on first gill arch. Two dorsal fins, separated only by a narrow interspace, the first with XIII to XIV spines; second dorsal fin with 14 to 16 rays, shorter, as high as first dorsal fin; followed by 7-8 finlets; anal fin with 14 to 15 rays, about as high as second dorsal fin, followed by 7 to 8 finlets; pectoral fins remarkably long reaching well beyond origin of second dorsal fin; interpelvic process small and bifid. Body with very small scales; corselet of larger scales developed but not very distinct. Caudal peduncle very slender, bearing on each side a strong lateral keel between 2 smaller keels. Swimbladder present, but poorly developed. A faint lateral iridescent blue band runs along sides in live fish; first dorsal fin deep yellow, second dorsal and anal fins light yellow, anal finlets dark; posterior margin of caudal fin white.
Cosmopolitan in tropical and temperate waters of all oceans including the Mediterranean Sea, extending north to 45 to 50Â°N and south to 30 to 40Â°S but not at the surface between l0Â°N and 10Â°. Feed on fishes, crustaceans and squids.
Cosmopolitan in tropical and temperate waters of all oceans including the Mediterranean Sea, extending north to 45 to 50Â°N and south to 30 to 40Â°S but not at the surface between l0Â°N and 10Â°S. It is a very common species in Taiwan, especially in eastern a
Highly appreciated and marketed fresh, smoked, deep frozen or canned. Eaten steamed, boiled, fried and microwaved.