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Tribulus terrestris L.
Cat-head; Cathead; Bindii; Burnut; Goat-head Burr; Bindyi; Goathead; Bullhead; Puncture Vine; Yellow Vine; Cats Head; Cats-head; Caltrops; Bindi-eye; Small Caltrops; Puncturevine; Mexican Sandbur; Ground Bur Nut; Land Caltrop

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Zygophyllaceae   Tribulus

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Tribulus terrestris, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Tribulus terrestris, seed
Tribulus terrestris, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Tribulus terrestris, seed

Tribulus terrestris, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Tribulus terrestris, seed

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (4); NCSU_ENT (7)
Braconidae  Lysiphlebus ( @ AMNH_PBI (5)
Diaspididae  Aonidomytilus albus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Membracidae  Spissistilus festinus @ UCR_ENT (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora tribulina @ BPI (5)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus solani @ CSCA_TCN (3)
_  Deroplax nigropunctata @ UCRC_ENT (13)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRTE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRTE
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRTE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRTE
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRTE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRTE
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Tribulus terrestris L.

Image of Tribulus terrestris

General Information
Symbol: TRTE
Group: Dicot
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   W
HI   I
L48   I
PB   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Tribulus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 442. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Sapindales
Family Zygophyllaceae – Creosote-bush family
Genus Tribulus L. – puncturevine
Species Tribulus terrestris L. – puncturevine

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arizona puncturevine Prohibited noxious weed puncturevine Regulated noxious weeds
California puncturevine C list (noxious weeds)
Colorado puncturevine C list (noxious weeds)
Idaho puncturevine Noxious weed
Iowa puncturevine Secondary noxious weed
Nevada puncturevine Noxious weed
North Carolina puncturevine Class B noxious weed
Oregon puncturevine "B" designated weed puncturevine Quarantine
Washington puncturevine Class B noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Tribulus terrestris Mexican sandbur Texas sandbur bullhead caltrop goathead puncturevine This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TRTE)
CalPhotos (TRTE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRTE)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TRTE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (TRTE)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TRTE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TRTE)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TRTE)
Related Websites
Arizona: abstract & image of goathead (Tribulus terrestris) (TRTE)
Idaho One Plan: noxious abstract & images (TRTE)
NV-Extension Weed Wanted Posters (TRTE)
North Carolina Agriculture and Consumer Services: Weed Regulatory Services (TRTE)
TX-Biological Control of Weeds in Texas (TAMU) (TRTE)
UC Davis, IPM: abstract & images (TRTE)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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