(Dixon) R. H. Zander, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 32: 92. 1993.
Dixon, Rev. Bryol. 55: 179, fig. 1. 1928;
(H. A. Crum) R. H. Zander;
H. A. Crum;
E. B. Bartram
rounded-pentagonal in section.
flattened, ovate to elliptical, distal margins plane or weakly erect or rarely broadly involute, entire, not bordered; apex rounded or rounded-acute, plane to weakly concave, keeled or cucullate; basal cells evenly differentiated across leaf base or as a U, only weakly running up margins if at all, not distinctly enlarged submarginally; distal laminal cells pluripapillose with low papillae; mucro short-conic, of 3-4 cells.
absent to short-lanceolate.
Soil, margins of boulders, rock crevices; moderate elevations; Calif., Colo., Nev., N.Mex.; Mexico; e Asia (China, Japan).
was synonymized with
by A. Stoneburner (1985) and Stoneburner and R. Wyatt (1985), but is retained here because it is monoicous. The leaf margins are sometimes inflexed distally, as in
, and it was synonymized with
by L. R. Stark (1996), the type of which has weakly inflexed or laxly involute distal leaf margins. The costa of
and the similar
is quite thick and protrudes strongly abaxially. The gametophyte of
is essentially that of
. It differs from
in having a slightly shorter apiculus, in addition to the stegocarpic capsule. Some plants of the type of
) have comparatively very wide leaves with costa ending below the broadly rounded apex, yet other plants have leaves with costae that are percurrent or shortly excurrent from an obtuse or rounded acute apex, and in all leaves the papillae are large and short-spiculose, though not as salient as those of specimens assigned to
); S. Flowers (1973) suspected that
are synonymous, but found sexual differences between them on the basis of a few specimens; here the former is distinguished by the strongly involute distal laminal margins and distal lamina ca. 12-18 cells across on one side of the costa just above mid leaf versus margins plane or weakly incurved to laxly inflexed, and lateral lamina 25-30 cells across for