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Trinectes opercularis J. T. Nichols and R. C. Murphy, 1944
SPOTTED-CHEEK SOLE
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Achiridae   Trinectes

Trinectes opercularis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Trinectes opercularis

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Trinectes opercularis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Trinectes opercularis
espa˝ol

Overview
Main identification features
  • front nostril: ring of cirri
  • operculum +/- dark and pale blotches
  • body densely freckled
  • anal fin ~34
Spot-cheek sole

Body oval; eyes on right side, small, upper one a little further forward than lower; snout rounded; mouth small, arched, a little below snout, ends under lower eye; front margin of head with short tentacles; a ring of cirri around eye-side front nostril; filaments on blind side behind mouth & on anterior fin rays; rear edge of preopercle covered with skin; no opening connecting gill chambers on both sides; opercular flap on blind side mostly scaleless; fins without spines; dorsal origin ~above eye; dorsal 48 rays; anal ~34 rays; no pectoral fin; pelvic on eye side fused to anal; pectorals present or absent; lateral line from head to tail, straight; tail long, rounded; scales very rough, ~80 along side.

Upper body dark grey-brown, dense freckled appearance on body; dorsal & anal as body, tail paler; scaleless opercular area sometimes with conspicuous pattern of irregular dark & pale blotches; blind side white.

Size: 15 cm.

Habitat: sand & mud.

Depth: 10-40 m.

Colombia and Ecuador.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 40 m.
Depth Range Min: 10 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=6; Southern limit=-3; Western limit=-81; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=9; Longitudinal range=3.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 15 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Panamic province endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • GŘnther, A., 1862., Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Muesum., Brithish Museum (Natural History)4:1-534.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Nichols , J.T. and Murphy, R. C., 1944., A Collection of Fishes from the Panama Bight, Pacific Ocean., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 83:217-260.
  • Walker and Bollinger, H. J. & J., 2001., A new species of Trinectes (Pleuronectiformes: Achiridae), with comments on the other Eastern Pacific species of the genus., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(Supplement 1):177-186.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Trinectes&speciesname=opercularis ---> http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Trinectes&speciesname=opercularis
http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Trinectes&speciesname=opercularis ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Trinectes&speciesname=opercularis
https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Trinectes&speciesname=opercularis ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/summary/Trinectes-opercularis.html
Trinectes opercularis, Spottedcheek sole
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Trinectes opercularis ( Nichols & Murphy , 1944 )

Spottedcheek sole Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Trinectes opercularis (Spottedcheek sole) Trinectes opercularis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes( genus , species ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Teleostei (teleosts) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Achiridae (American soles)
Etymology: Trinectes: Greek, tres, tria, = three + Greek, nekton = swimmer (Ref. 45335 ) .
More on authors: Nichols & Murphy .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal. Tropical; 7°N - 6°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Colombia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on sandy and muddy bottoms of coastal waters (Ref. 9047 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ramos, Robson T.C. | Collaborators

Krupp, F. , 1995. Achiridae. Suelas. p. 845-850. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9047 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 30 April 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes : genus , species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome , nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go , Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804 ):  PD 50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00580 - 0.02864), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).

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