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Uraspis secunda Poey, 1860
COTTONMOUTH TREVALLY
Basset-hull's Trevally; Cottonmouth Jack; Uraspis uraspis Günther, 1860; Caranx hullianus McCulloch, 1909

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Carangidae   Uraspis


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f28b336f-a37f-4e33-a016-f79543d59568 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/f28b336f-a37f-4e33-a016-f79543d59568
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Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » ACANTHOPTERYGII (Superorder) » PERCIFORMES (Order) » PERCOIDEI (Suborder) » CARANGIDAE (Family) » Uraspis Bleeker, 1855 (Genus) » Uraspis secunda Poey, 1860

Species Uraspis secunda Poey, 1860

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CAAB : 37337059 Taxon concept Uraspis_secunda last modified 2012-12-13 18:07:48.331

Species Uraspis secunda Poey, 1860

Cottonmouth Trevally , Basset-hull's Trevally, Cottonmouth Jack

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

 

Miscellaneous Literature Names

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

North West Shelf, WA (19º10´S) and off Sydney (33º50´S) and Tasman Sea (34º02'S 155º17'E), NSW; tropical, circumglobal.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Central Eastern Province (12), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38)

Ecological Descriptors

Continental shelf, marine, oceanic province, pelagic.

 

General References

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 : 145–329 [187] (as Caranx hullianus )

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [130] (838, as Uraspis uraspis, in part)

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2755]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [44] (1032, in part, as Uraspis uraspis )

 

Common Name References

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12 : 1-77 [54] (Basset-hull's Trevally)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Cottonmouth Trevally )

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes . Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2755] (FAO) (Cottonmouth Jack)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
13-Dec-2012 13-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Thursday, 13 December 2012 6:07:48 PM AEDT

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Uraspis&speciesname=secunda ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Uraspis&speciesname=secunda
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Uraspis&speciesname=secunda ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Uraspis-secunda.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Uraspis secunda (Poey , 1860)

Cottonmouth jack Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Uraspis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, aspis = shield (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Poey .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 89972 ), usually 2 - 15 m (Ref. 40849 ).   Subtropical; 42°N - 34°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Worldwide in warm waters. Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania (Ref. 3287 , 3197 ). Eastern Central Pacific: California, USA to Costa Rica (Ref. 2850 ). Also in Hawaii. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola (Ref. 7097 ); also Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 3197 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251 ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999 ); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-32; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 19 - 23. Adults dark to bluish black; juveniles with 6-7 dark bands with pale interspaces (Ref. 3197 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are mostly oceanic and pelagic but sometimes found near the bottom, often near islands. Solitary or in small schools (Ref. 2850 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. Quéro and M. Desoutter , 1990. Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 21 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 20.9 - 29.1, mean 27.2 (based on 41503 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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