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Uropterygius polystictus Myers and Wade, 1941
MANY-SPOTTED MORAY
Peppered snake-moray

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Muraenidae   Uropterygius

Uropterygius polystictus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Uropterygius polystictus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • rear nostril: short tube before eye
  • dorsal fin and a: crests near tail
  • 1 pore above gill opening
  • grey to light orange, peppered with black
Body round at front, becoming compressed behind; head & body slightly longer than tail; eye nearer snout than angle of jaws; top and bottom jaw teeth in 2 series, inner series on each side about 8-9 large, depressible canines, with 2 small triangular patches of teeth at front of top jaw; 1 row of 5-6 teeth on roof of mouth; both nostrils tubular, similar; rear nostril slightly in front of middle of eye, not associated with a pore; gill opening a small, ~eye-size hole, at midside; 1 lateral line pore above gill opening; dorsal and anal fins present as skin covered crests at rear of body near tail; tail blunt, with small, skin covered tail fin.

Light grey to pale orange, peppered with dark spots, particularly on upper half of body and around head; both pairs of nostrils without pigment; pores on both jaws with pigmentless rings; membrane around tail with pale border.

Size: 72 cm.

Habitat: mixtures of sand, rock and coral substrata, including tidepools.

Depth: 1-35 m.

SW Gulf of California and the Galapagos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 35 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=27; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-112; Eastern limit=-90; Latitudinal range=29; Longitudinal range=22.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 72 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Myers , G.S. and Wade, C.B., 1941., Four new genera and ten new species of eels from the Pacific coast of tropical America., Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 9(4):65-111.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://192.134.151.83/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Uropterygius&speciesname=polystictus ---> https://fishbase.mnhn.fr/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Uropterygius&speciesname=polystictus
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